Inflammatory Biomarkers in Asian Indian Women with Metabolic Syndrome


Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality necessitating its early detection. The emergence of newer subclinical biomarkers in addition to the known cardiometabolic risk factors may play an important role in early detection of CVD risk. In the present study, 74 adult females (30 - 75 y) with metabolic syndrome (MS) were selected and additional biochemical parameters such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and Homocysteine (Hcy) levels were analyzed. The average body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference of subjects were found to be 30 kg/m2 and99 cmrespectively. Mean LDL levels were found to be much higher than normal (139 mg/dl) while the HDL levels were low (41.5 mg/dl). The average fasting blood sugar and insulin levels were within the normal range. However, 40.5% females had serum Hcy levels >13.2 μmol/l and 59.5% women had CRP levels >3 mg/L indicating increased risk of CVD. Higher Hcy levels were associated with hyperinsulinemia (p < 0.01) and hyperglycemia (p < 0.05), indicating predilection for glucose intolerance. CRP levels showed significant negative correlation with HDL (p < 0.05), indicating a predilection for glucose intolerance. The present study reports overall more than 40% MS women are classified as high risk group using the Western standards. Limited data on normal levels of inflammatory biomarkers are available for Asian Indians. The study results indicate the importance of Hcy and CRP values among females having metabolic syndrome, known to be at a high risk of CVD.

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P. Singhania, G. Gupta and K. Ray, "Inflammatory Biomarkers in Asian Indian Women with Metabolic Syndrome," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1021-1027. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.410133.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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