Survey of the Relationship between Personality Types and Burnout among Teachers at First Period (Guidance School) and Second Period of High School (Secondary School) in the City of Rasht, Iran


This research investigated the relationship between John Holland’s personality types (realist, investigative, conventional) with burnout among female and male teachers at first duration of high school (guidance school) and second duration of high school (secondary school). For this purpose, 327 persons were selected by multistage cluster sampling method. In order to gather information, Meshach burnout questionnaire and John Holland’s job-personality questionnaire were used. Descriptive and inferential statistic methods were utilized to analyze the data. It was worth mentioning that Pearson correlation coefficient r, linear regression and the analysis of multivariable variance (MANOVA) were used to measure the relationship between predictor and criterion variables. Obtained results by the investigation of relations showed that there was a reversed relationship between personality types and the degree of burnout, with correlation coefficient of r = (–2.24), respectively, in the level of (p = 0/01). The relationship between realist, investigative and conventional personality types with burnout which was calculated by (r = –1.15, r = –1.84, r = –2.19) respectively, was significant and reversed. It was necessary to say that among demographic variables (gender, age, precedent, education and teacher’s marital status) there was just a significant relationship between gender, personality type and the degree of burnout in the level of (p = 0/05). It showed that from the view point of gender there was a significant difference between burnout. The degree of burnout in male teachers was more than female, and there were no significant differences in other demographic variables. The most important application of this study is that everybody will be employed according to his/her job-personality type to avoid any physical and mental damages arising from working.

Share and Cite:

Sadeghi, A. , Ofoghi, N. , Niyafar, G. and Dadashi, K. (2015) Survey of the Relationship between Personality Types and Burnout among Teachers at First Period (Guidance School) and Second Period of High School (Secondary School) in the City of Rasht, Iran. Creative Education, 6, 835-845. doi: 10.4236/ce.2015.68086.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Abbas Zadeh, M. (2008). Investigating the Relationship between Leading Styles of Managers and High Schools’ Burnout of Uremia in Educational Year of 85-86.
[2] Abdollahi, M. R. (2006). Relationship between Job Stressors and Educational Managers Fars Arshdgrvh Management. Thesis, University of Shiraz, Shiraz.
[3] Ahangar, A. (2006). Evaluation of Burnout and Its Relationship to Personality Types Tehran Consultants. Psychology Msc Thesis, University of AllamehTabatabai, Tehran.
[4] Arches, J. (1991). Social Structure, Burnout, and Job Satisfaction. Social Work, 36, 202-206.
[5] Ashrafi, et al. (2010) Investigated the Relationship Burnout and Organizational Commitment of School Teachers in Schools in the City of Mahabad. Journal of Psychology, University of Tabriz, 18, 5.
[6] Bahrami, et al. (2010). Comparative Study of Organizational Commitment Based on Personal Characteristics. Journal of School Health, Yazd, No. II and III.
[7] BeigiFard, S, (1999). Investigate the Relationship between Personality Hardiness and Social Support and Burnout Occupational Rehabilitation Centers Shiraz Welfare, MS Thesis Psychology Public Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences.
[8] Dorman, J. (2003). Testing a Model for Teacher Burnout. Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, 3, 35-47.
[9] Skaalvik, E. M., & Skaalvik, S. (2010). Teacher Self-Efficacy And Teacher Burnout: A Study of Relations. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26, 1059-1069.
[10] Edward, K. L., & Herselinsky, J. G. (2007). Burnout in the Caring Nurse: Learning Resilient Behaviors. British Journal of Nursing, 16, 240-242.
[11] Farajpour, A. (2001). Burnout. Burnout Magazine Saf, No. 259
[12] Farmer, R. N. (2009). Measurement of Job and Work Involvement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 32, 135-144.
[13] Ferrari Occhionero, J. W. (2010). Factors That Influence Nurses’ Job Satisfaction. Journal of Nursing Administration, 33, 293-299.
[14] Fontana, D., & Abouserie, R. (1992). Stress Levels, Gender and Personality Factors in Teachers. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 63, 261-270.
[15] Frahani, M. (2011). The Relationship between Personality and Job Burnout of Physical Educators in Znjan.pzhvhsh Motor Sport Management Sciences. First Year-1.
[16] GhorbanShiruodi (2006). The Relationship between the Type of Personality, Locus of Control and Job Satisfaction and Burnout among Staff Iran Khodro, Knowledge and Research in Psychology. University of Isfahan, No. 27.
[17] Griffin, M. L., Hogan, N. L., Lambert, E. G., Tucker-Gail, K. A., & Baker, D. N. (2010). Job Involvement, Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment and the Burnout of Correctional Staff. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 239-255.
[18] Holland, J. L. (1997) What Is Your Suitable Job? Translation of Simin Hosen Niyan and MonavarYazdi, Tehran, Physical Perfection, AEGON Print, Page 26.
[19] Hakanen, J. J., Bakker, A. B., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and Work Engagement among Teachers. Journal of School Psychology, 43, 495-513.
[20] Khaghani, Z. (2012) Examined the Relationship between Job Stress and Quality of Work Life Teachers. Journal of Military Medicine.
[21] Kitchel, T. (2012). Teacher Job Satisfaction and Burnout Viewed through Social Comparisons. Journal of Agricultural Education, 53, 31-44.
[22] LotfiNiya, H. (2010). Investigating the Relationship between Personality Traits with Elementary Teachers’ Burnout in Tabriz, Physical Science, Third Yearmnumber11, 93-106.
[23] Martine, E. (2009). An Organizational Culture Model to Promote Creativity and Innovation. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28, 58-65.
[24] Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1986). Burnout Research in the Social Services: A Critique. Journal of Social Service Research, 10, 95-105.
[25] Maslach, C. (2003). Job Burnout: New Directions in Research and Intervention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 189-192.
[26] Merima, N. H. B., Zawawi, N., Hitam, M., & Jody, J. M. (2011). Organizational Commitment and Job Burnout among Employees in Malaysia. IACSIT Press, 1, 185-187.
[27] Millon, T. (1990). Toward a New Personality. New York: Wiley, 3.
[28] MontazerGheib, T., & Kikhanzhad, M. (2012). The Relationship between Burnout Factors and John Holland’s Personality Type among Teachers and Managers of Elementary Schools. Journal of Job and Organizational Consultation.
[29] Narimani, M., & Abbasi, M. (2009). Investigating the Relationship between Psychological Hardiness and Self-Tolerance with Burnout. Second Year Management, Number 8.
[30] Nasrollahi, A. et al. (2013). Investigated the Relationship between Burnout and Personality Types (A and B) and Job Satisfaction among Teachers of Kindergartens City of Ilam. Ilam University of Medical Sciences Journal.
[31] Neberger, F. (1979). The Staff Burnout Syndrome in Alternative Institutions. Psychotherapy, Theory, Research and Practice, 12, 73-82.
[32] Niyerl, J. et al. (2009). A Test of Gender and Job Models of Sex Differences in Job Involvement. Social Forces, 66, 121-142.
[33] O’Brien, J. L. (2010). Structural Empowerment, Psychological Empowerment and Burnout in Registered Staff Nurses Working in Outpatient Dialysis Centers. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Newark, NJ: Rutgers the State University of New Jersey—Newark.
[34] RezaeeShirazi, R., Beiki, Y., Zmanian, F., & Esapour, K. (2011). Study of the Relationship between Organizational Commitment and Job Burnout among Physical Education Teachers of Golestan Province, Iran. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5, 1379-1384.
[35] Rocca, A. D., & Kostonski, M. (2001). Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Victorian Secondary School Teachers. A Comparative Look at Contract and Department Employment Discussion Paper ATEL Conferences, 24-26.
[36] Salma, A. K., Savolainen, H., & Holopainen, L. (2009). Depressive Symptoms and School Burnout during Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 6, 34-45.
[37] Shafie Abadi, A. (2011). Career and Professional Guidance and Consultation and Ideas of Choosing Job. Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
[38] ShakeraniNiya, I., & Mohammad Poor, M. (2010). Relationship between Job Stress and Tolerance with Burnout in Female Nurses. Scientific Journal of Research.
[39] Shaufeli, W. B., Maslach, C., & Mark, T. (1994). Professional Burnout: Recent Development in Theory and Research. Washington DC: Taylor and Francis, 201-211.
[40] Tugade, M. M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Resilient Individuals Use Positive Emotions to Bounce Back from Negative Emotional Experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 320-333.
[41] Zonker, V. (2009). Consulting Career with a Holistic Approach. Translators: Yousefi and Abedi, Unit of Esfahan.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.