The New Form of Mixed Economy with Rationing: Agent-Based Approach


In the paper, we explore the rationing as a way to implement a variety of incentives for people’s activity. We assume that the population is divided into six social clusters with different incentives to work. The first social cluster (business oriented people) has standard incentive: getting profit. Other clusters’ members (state and military servants, scientists, art workers, priests, etc.) try to lift on the social stairs, getting higher rank. Having a position of a certain rank, a person obtains the possibility to consume goods according to fixed norms.

Share and Cite:

Makarov, V. and Bakhtizin, A. (2014) The New Form of Mixed Economy with Rationing: Agent-Based Approach. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 191-196. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.24019.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Tobin, J. (1952) A Survey of the Theory of Rationing. Econometrica, 20, 1952, 521-553.
[2] Howard, D.H. (1977) Rationing, Quantity Constraints, and Consumption Theory. Econometrica, 45, 399-412.
[3] Makarov, V.L. and Vasil’ev, V.A. (1989) Equilibrium, Rationing an Stability. Matecon, 25, 4-95.
[4] Neumann, M. (2010) Norm Internalisation in Human and Artificial Intelligence. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 13, 2010.
[5] Epstein, J.M. (2000) Learning to be Thoughtless: Social Norms and Individual Computation. The Brookings Institution and Santa Fe Institute, Center on Social and Economic Dynamics, Working Paper No. 6, 2000.
[6] Fent, T. (2006) Collective Social Dynamics and Social Norms. MPRA Paper No. 2841.
[7] Bastin, T.R.S., Stephen, C., Maryam, A.P. and Martin, K.P. (2010) Obligation Norm Identification in Agent Societies. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 13.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.