Predictors of Metabolic Syndrome among Employees: A Study from Jordan


Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major health problem around the world including Jordan and it has received notable consideration from epidemiologists in the latest years. The objective of this study was to estimate MetS prevalence among employees and its associated factors including socio-demographic, lifestyle, and dietary. Methods: A total of 491 employees (344 men and 147 women aged 20 - 65 years) participated in this study. Data concerning fasting plasma glucose level, lipid profile, blood pressure, anthropometric measurements and 24-dietary recalls were obtained. Results: MetS prevalence was 36.3% (38.7% among men and 30.6% among women). Multiple logistic regression analysis results showed that the odds ratio of MetS was increased in older ages (OR: 3.0; 95% CI: 1.43 - 6.47; p < 0.01) and smokers (OR: 2.6; 95% CI: 2.58 - 4.22; p < 0.01). With elevation 1 unit in the body mass index (BMI), risk of MetS increased by 30% (95% CI: 22.9% - 38.4%; p < 0.01) and an increase1 mg/day in dietary iron intake, the risk of MetS increased 2.4% (95% CI: 0.07% - 4.3%; p < 0.01). Conclusions: MetS prevalence is considered to be high among Jordanian employees which highlights the urgent need to develop comprehensive national strategies for prevention and treatment of MetS.

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B. Obeidat, E. Al-Shami, K. Abdul-Razzak and Y. Khader, "Predictors of Metabolic Syndrome among Employees: A Study from Jordan," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 5, 2012, pp. 669-677. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.35091.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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