Challenges Facing Techinical Training in Kenya


Technical education is necessary if Kenya is to industrialize by the year 2030. Relevant skills have to be given in Technical training institutions. The training in T.T.Is should therefore be market driven. The current study was designed to investigate on challenges facing skill training in T.T.Is. This study focused on the adequacy of training facilities, relevance of facilities, relevance of curriculum and the trainers’ level of qualifications. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. Snowball sampling technique was used to identify T.T.I graduates and their employers became automatic respondents. A sample size of one hundred and sixty eight respondents was used for the study. The study found out that training facilities used by T.T.Is are inferior to facilities used in industries and business organizations Majority of respondents indicated that T.T.I graduates posses’ very irrelevant skills in relation to skill needs in industries and business organizations. This implies that training policies need to be urgently reviewed to ensure that training is market driven. The study recommends an urgent overhaul of the training curriculum to enhance adequacy of skill training to skill needs in industries and business organizations.

Share and Cite:

Sang, A. , Muthaa, G. & Mbugua, Z. (2012). Challenges Facing Techinical Training in Kenya. Creative Education, 3, 109-113. doi: 10.4236/ce.2012.31018.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Aduda, D. (2003). Technical training reeling under neglect. Daily Nation, 2 June 2003, 11.
[2] Gall, M. D., Borg, W. R., & Gall, J. P. (1996). Education research, an introduction. New York: Longman Publishers.
[3] Government of Kenya. (1981). Report of the Presidential Working Party on the establishment of the second university. Nairobi: Government Printer.
[4] Government of Kenya. (1999). Report of the totally integrated quality education and training. Nairobi: Government Printer.
[5] Government of Kenya, (2002). Economic survey. Nairobi: Government Printer.
[6] Government of Kenya. (2005). Kenya education sector support programme 2005-2010: Delivery of quality education and training to all Kenyans. Nairobi: Government Printer.
[7] Kathuri, N. J., & Pals, D. A. (1993). Introduction to educational research. Njoro: Egerton University.
[8] Kerre, B. W. (1992). Innovative strategies in the implementation of the 8-4-4 curriculum in Kenya. (Mimeographed). Nairobi: Kenyatta University, Centre for Curriculum Studies in Africa.
[9] Sifuna, D. N. (1992). Prevocational subjects in primary schools in the 8-4-4-education system in Kenya. International Journal of Education Development, 12, 133-145. doi:/10.1016/0738-0593(92)90035-K
[10] UNESCO. (1961). Final Report, conference of African states on the Development of Education in Africa, Addis Ababa. Paris: UNESCO.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.