Dietary Factors Associated with Obesity in Patients with Schizophrenia Living at Home


Since a fact-finding survey was conducted in 2005 all over Japan on the eating habits of psychiatric patients living at home, and the results showed that 44.6% of the patients were obese. We carried out a study of dietary factors associated with obesity in patients with schizophrenia living at home in order to develop a dietary education program. Twenty obese patients and 20 non-obese patients were randomly selected from 30 - 50s male patients with schizophrenia in one mental hospital. Dietary survey of 3-non-consecutive-day was conducted. Eighteen obese patients and 17 non-obese patients completed the survey. The obese patients had significantly higher intake of carbohydrate (P = 0.02), consumption of snacks with junk foods (P = 0.04), and intake of energy from snacks (P < 0.001) than those of non-obese patients. Based on this dietary survey, it becomes necessary to focus on snacks, in addition to basic focus on balanced diet to prevent further obesity in those schizophrenic patients.

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Y. Inamura, T. Izumi, K. Sakurai, T. Katsui and N. Murayama, "Dietary Factors Associated with Obesity in Patients with Schizophrenia Living at Home," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 10, 2012, pp. 1387-1396. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.310182.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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