Acceptability Properties and Antioxidant Pontential of Desi Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.39169   PDF   HTML     4,035 Downloads   6,368 Views   Citations

Abstract

The acceptability properties, total phenolic content, and antioxidant potential of four (red, green, brown, cream) desi chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars from the World Germplasm Bank were evaluated. Protein content of the grains varied from 20.12% to 28.85% (dw), highest for Cream ICC3421. The water absorption capacity (WAC) and cooking time (CT) of the whole grains ranged from 97.7 to 117.5 g water/100 g seeds (ww) and from 109.5 to 193.5 min, respectively; the highest WAC and lowest CT corresponded to Cream ICC3421 cultivar. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total hydrophilic antioxidant activity (AoxA) [oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value] of desi chickpea cultivars varied from 746 to 1.286 μg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g sample (dw) and from 43.9 to 53.9 μmol Trolox equivalents (TE)/g sample (dw); Brown ICC3512 showed the highest ORAC value. Chickpea cultivars could contribute significantly to the management and/or prevention of degenerative diseases associated with free radical damage.

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J. Garzón-Tiznado, M. Ochoa-Lugo, M. Heiras-Palazuelos, D. Domínguez-Arispuro, E. Rodríguez, R. Gutiérrez-Dorado, J. Milán-Carrillo and C. Reyes-Moreno, "Acceptability Properties and Antioxidant Pontential of Desi Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 9, 2012, pp. 1281-1289. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.39169.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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