Share This Article:

Evaluation of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (2010 Edition): Recommended Protein, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin D, and Iron Intakes for Breast-Fed Infants Aged 6 - 11 Months

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:186KB) PP. 272-280
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.24039    5,024 Downloads   9,688 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objective: With regard to the 2010 edition of Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (DRIs-2010), we investigated whether the DRIs for two age groups, breast-fed infants aged 6-8 and 9-11 months, can be fulfilled for every nutrient in actual dietary practice. Design: We evaluated (1) whether the DRIs for all nutrients can be fulfilled in a formula with energy and protein exceeding their DRIs, (2) whether the DRIs for all nutrients can be fulfilled in a formula prepared in accordance with Japanese government-recommended weaning guidelines, and (3) what kinds of formulas can be prepared if the DRIs for all nutrients are fulfilled without referring to the weaning guidelines. Setting: Simulation of diet menu on the basis of published data in our university and survey of diet menu in a university hospital attached to a national medical school. Subjects: The three types of formulas were planned for ten days. Results: It was impossible to simultaneously fulfil the DRIs for 6 - 8-month-old infants concerning pantothenic acid, vitamin D, and iron and those for 9 - 11-month-old infants concerning these nutrients plus protein. Conclusion: According to the DRIs-2010, the DRI for all nutrients could not be fulfilled in an ingestible formula.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Tsutie, N. Kurihara, A. Sasaki, A. Takagi, H. Seguti and T. Inatome, "Evaluation of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (2010 Edition): Recommended Protein, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin D, and Iron Intakes for Breast-Fed Infants Aged 6 - 11 Months," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2011, pp. 272-280. doi: 10.4236/fns.2011.24039.

References

[1] Ministry of Health, “Labour and Welfare of Japan (2010) Dietary Reference Intake for Japanese,” Daiichi Shuppan Publishing Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 2009.
[2] Ministry of Health, “Labour and Welfare of Japan (2005) Dietary Reference Intake for Japanese,” Daiichi Shuppan Publishing Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 2005.
[3] Ministry of Health, “Labour and Welfare of Japan (2009) The National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan,” 2008. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/houdou/2009/11/dl/h1109-1.html
[4] S. Tsutie, N. Kurihara, A. Sasaki, A. Takagi, H. Seguchi and T. Inatome, “Formulas Providing Adequate Pantothenic Acid, Vitamin D, Manganese, Iron and Vitamin A for Infants Fed with Mother’s Milk (Aged 6 - 11 Months) According to the Japanese Dietary Reference Intakes Prepared by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (2005 Edition),” Maternal & Child Nutrition, Vol. 6, No. 2, April 2010, pp. 147-158.
[5] Equal Employment/Children and Families Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, “The Recommendations for Conducting Weaning in the Guidebook for Supporting Feeding and Weaning,” Maternal and Child Health Division, Report No. 47, 2007.
[6] Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Tech- nology, “The 5th Supplemented Edition of the Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan: Ed. Workshop of Food Composition,” Ishiyaku Publishers, Inc., Tokyo, 2006.
[7] K. Yoneyama, “Growth of Breast-Fed Infants and Intake of Nutrients from Breast-Milk,” Japanese Society of Ch- ild Health, Vol. 57, No. 1, 1998, pp. 49-57.
[8] K. Yoneyama, I. Goto and H. Nagata, “Changes in the Concentrations of Nutrient Components of Human Milk during Lactation,” Japanese Journal of Public Health, Vol. 42, No. 7, July 1995, pp. 472-481.
[9] T. Nakano, K. Kato, N. Kobayashi, et al., “Nutrient Intake from Baby Foods Infant Formula and Cow’s Milk - Results from a National-Wide Infant’s Dietary Survey,” Journal of Japanese Society of Child Health Nursing, Vol. 62, No. 6, November 2003, pp. 630-639.
[10] M. J. Heinig, L. A. Nommsen, J. M. Peerson, B. Lonnerdal and K. G. Dewey, “Energy and Protein Intakes of Breast-Fed Formula-Fed Infants during the First Year of Life and Their Association with Growth Velocity: The DARLING Study,” The American Journal of Clinical Nu- trition, Vol. 58, No. 2, August 1993, pp. 152-161.
[11] K. Shibata, et al., “Distribution of the Water-Soluble Vitamin Content of Japanese Breast Milk,” Journal of Ja- panese Society of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Vol. 62, No. 4, 2009, pp. 179-184. doi:10.4327/jsnfs.62.179
[12] T. Watanabe, et al., “The Contents of Biotin, Pantothenic Acid and Niacin in Mature Milk of Japanese Women,” Vitamins, Vol. 78, No. 8, 2004, pp. 399-407.
[13] K. Suzuki, et al., “Milk Intake by Breast-Fed Infants before Weaning,” Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society, Vol. 62, No. 6, 2004, pp. 369-372.
[14] J. Hirose, et al., “Amount of Breast Milk Sucked by Japanese Breast Feeding Infants,” Journal of Japanese Society for Breast Feeding Research, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2008, pp. 23-28.
[15] T. Nishimura and S. Endo, “An Investigation on the Food of Infants from 3 Months to 17 Months after Birth in Matsue (Part1) - Concerning the Quantity of Nutrient and Food Intake,” Japanese Society of Child Health, Vol. 43, No. 1, 1984, pp. 57-65.
[16] Y. Okuma, et al., “A Survey of Nutrition of Infants in Takatsuki City,” Journal of Japanese Society of Child Health Nursing, Vol. 49, No. 6, November 1990, pp. 676- 685.
[17] T. Nakano, T. Idota and I. Nakajima, “The National Survey of Nutrient Intake from Weaning Food in Japan,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1995, pp. 16-27.
[18] T. Hokama, Y. Asato and S. Nakazato, “Nutritional Survey of Intake during Late Weaning Period in Nakagusuku Village, Okinawa,” Journal of Japanese Society of Child Health Nursing, Vol. 57, No. 1, January 1998, pp. 45-48.
[19] Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, “Dietary Reference Intakes,” 1997. http://www.iom.edu/Global/News%20Announcements/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/Nutrition/DRIs/DRISummaryListing2.ashx
[20] Republic of Korea, “Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,” 1999. http://www.mfa.gov.af/Documents/HR-Reports/CESCR-Afghanistan.pdf
[21] C. V. C. Barba and M. I. Z. Cabrera, “Recommended En- ergy and Nutrient Intakes for Filipinos 2002,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 17, Supplement 2, 2008, pp. 399-404.
[22] World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, “Vitamin and Mineral Requirements in Human Nutrition,” 2nd Edition, World Health Organization, Hong Kong, 2004, pp. 338- 341.
[23] Health Canada, “Dietary Reference Intakes,” 2010. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/alt_formats/hpfb-dgpsa/pdf/nutrition/dri_tables-eng.pdf
[24] German Nutrition Society, Austrian Nutrition Society, Swiss Society for Nutrition Research, “Reference Values for Nutrient Intake (D-A-CH),” 2000. http://www.dge.de/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=3
[25] Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan, “Sixth Revision of Recommended Dietary Allowances - Dietary Reference Intake,” Daiichi Shuppan Publishing Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1999.
[26] Health Promotion Board Online, “Recommended Daily Dietary Allowances for Normal Healthy Persons in Singapore,” 2003. http://www.hpb.gov.sg/foodforhealth/article.aspx?id=2652&lifestage=Infant
[27] N. C. Khan and P. V. Hoan, “Vietnam Recommended Dietary Allowances 2007,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 17, Supplement 2, 2008, pp. 409-415.
[28] The Australian Government, “Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Including Recommended Dietary Intakes,” 2005. http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/n35.pdf
[29] N. Tasnim, P. Christina and O. Aleck, “An Analysis of the Development of Canadian Food Fortification Policies: The Case of Vitamin B,” Health promotion International, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2005, pp. 375-381. doi:10.1093/heapro/dai015
[30] Health Canada Web Site, 1999. http://webprod.hc-sc.gc.ca/cnf-fce/search-rechercher.do?lang=eng
[31] Indian and Inuit Health Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society, “Vitamin D Supplementation for Northern Native Communities,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, Vol. 138, 1998, pp. 229-230.
[32] S. M. Innis, et al., “Incidence of Iron-Deficiency Anaemia and Depleted Iron Stores among Nine-Month-Old Infants in Vancouver, Canada,” The Canadian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 88, No. 2, pp. 80-88.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.