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Verma, A.P. (2010) Operations Research. S.K. Kataria and Sons, New Delhi, India.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: A Modified Replacement Model for Items That Fail Suddenly with Variable Replacement Costs

    AUTHORS: Samuel Ugochukwu Enogwe, Ben Ifeanyichukwu Oruh, Emmanuel John Ekpenyong

    KEYWORDS: Probability Distribution, Failure Times, Variable Replacement Cost, Goodness-of-Fit Test, Group Replacement, Individual Replacement

    JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Operations Research, Vol.8 No.6, November 5, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Several researches have been done to provide better alternative to the existing replacement models, but the research works did not adequately address the replacement problem for items that fail suddenly. Hence, a modified replacement model for items that fail suddenly has been proposed using the knowledge of probability distribution of failure times as well as that of variable replacement cost. The modified cost functions for implementing both individual and group replacements were derived. The modified cost functions were minimized using the principle of classical optimization in order to find the age at which replacement of items would be appropriate. Conditions under which the individual and group replacement policies should be adopted were derived. Two real data sets on failure time of LED bulbs and their replacement costs were used to validate the theoretical claims of this work. In essence, goodness-of-fit test was used to select appropriate probability distribution of failure times as well as that of replacement costs for data sets I and II respectively. The goodness-of-fit results showed that failure times of LED bulbs follow the Smallest Extreme Value and Laplace distributions for data sets I and II respectively. Similarly, it was observed that individual replacement cost followed the two-parameter Gamma and Largest Extreme Value distributions for data sets I and II respectively. Further, the group replacement cost was found to follow the log-normal and two-parameter Weibull distributions for data sets I and II respectively. Based on the empirical study, we observed that individual replacement policy is better than group replacement policy in terms of cost minimization for both existing model and the proposed model. In view of the results, the proposed replacement policy was recommended over the existing one because it yielded lower replacement costs than the existing replacement model.