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Article citations


Blair, S. N., Cheng, Y., & Holder, J. S. (2001). Is Physical Activity or Physical Fitness More Important in Defining Health Benefits? Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise, 33, S379-S399.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Association between Physical Activity and Fitness: The Influence of Muslim and Non-Muslim

    AUTHORS: Erwan Ismail, Mohd Radzani Abd Razak, Tajul Arifin Muhamad, Azlan Ahmad Kamal, Mohd Aras Khamis, Ibrahim Elsalhin Hassan Maizi

    KEYWORDS: Fitness, Physical Activity, Lifestyle, Body Composition, Muslim, Non-Muslim

    JOURNAL NAME: Creative Education, Vol.9 No.14, October 26, 2018

    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate the nature and magnitude of the relationship between self-reported physical activity and fitness and the extent to which the association varies with Muslim and Non-Muslim group. Fitness was assessed by use of sub-maximal bicycle ergometer test to predict maximal aerobic capacity, an assessment of body composition and the measurement of upper and lower body strength. Activity pattern and health status will be assessed by questionnaire. A total of 112 subjects focused on male of the staff, postgraduate, and undergraduate student of Birmingham University undergone fitness testing by bicycle ergometer, body composition and self-reported health questionnaire. The inter-relation of the physical characteristics, self-reported exercise behavior, fitness measures, health risk factors such as smoking and alcohol consumptionisdiscussed. Age has the strongest association with fitness measures. Involvement in strenuous exercise as well as exhausting exercise appears to be related to fitness. Percentage body fat is also associated, inversely, with fitness. The difference between the younger and older participants in % body fat undoubtedly reflects the much greater time spent in vigorous exercise by the Muslim and Non-Muslim participants. However, the differences in BMI between the Muslim and Non-Muslim, for the Muslim and Non-Muslim cohorts respectively, reflect additional mechanisms, as they are largely driven by differences in height rather than mass. These data emphasize the importance of not relying solely on BMI as a measure of size.