Supply Quantitative Model à la Leontief
Ezra Davar
DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.24072   PDF    HTML     5,021 Downloads   8,502 Views  


This paper focuses on the supply quantitative model system of input–output, which is equivalent to the demand quantitative model system of Leontief. This model allows us to define the total supplied quantities of commodities for any given supplied quantity of primary factors, and consequently enables us to define the final uses of commodities. The supply quantitative model is based on the direct output coefficients of primary factors. The Hadamard Product is also used. The quantitative supply system models might be useful tools in planning the economics of countries that have higher unemployment of primary factors, especially labour.

Share and Cite:

Davar, E. (2011) Supply Quantitative Model à la Leontief. Modern Economy, 2, 642-653. doi: 10.4236/me.2011.24072.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] W. Leontief, “Quantitative Input and Output Relations in the Economic System of the United States,” The Review of Economic Statistics, Vol. 18, 1936, pp. 105-125. HHHdoi:org/10.2307/1927837
[2] W. Leontief, “The Structure of American Economy,” 1919-1929. Cambridge, (Mors): Harvard University Press, Second Edition 1951, Oxford University Press, New York, 1941.
[3] R. Stone, “Input-Output and National Accounts,” Random House, Paris, DECD, 1961.
[4] H. B. Chenery and P. G. Clark, “Interindustry Economics,” John Wiley& Sons, New York, 1959.
[5] E. Davar, “The Renewal of Classical General Equilibrium Theory and Complete Input-Output System Models,” Hong Kong, Singapore, Sydney, Avebury, Aldershot, Brookfield USA, 1994.
[6] E. Davar, ‘Input-Output System Models: Leontief versus Ghosh’, 13th International Conference on Input-Output Techniques,” 27 June - 1 July’ Beijing, China, 2005.
[7] A. Ghosh, “Input-output Approach in an Allocation System,” Economica, Vol. 25, 1958, pp. 58-64.
[8] A. Ghosh, “Experiments with Input-Output Models,” At the University Press, Cambridge, 1964.
[9] M. Augustinovics, ‘Methods of International and In- tertemporal Composition of Structure,” Contributions to Input-Output Analysis, Vol. I, North-Holland, London, 1970.
[10] E. Dietzenbacher, ‘In Vindication of the Ghosh Model: A Reinterpretation as a Price Model,” Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 37, No. 4, 1997, pp. 629-651. HHHdoi:org/10.1111/0022-4146.00073
[11] J. Oosterhaven, “On the Plausibility of the Supply- Driven Model,” Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 28, No. 2, 1988, pp. 203-217. HHH doi:org /10.1111/j.1467-9787.1988.tb01208.x
[12] J. Oosterhaven, “Leontief versus Ghoshian Price and Quantity Models,” Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 62, 1996, pp. 750-759.
[13] L. de Mesnard, “Is the Ghosh Model Interesting?” Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 49, No 2, 2009, pp. 361-372.
[14] W. Leontief, ‘Technological Change, Prices, Wages, and Rates of Return on Capital in the USA Economy,” In- put-Output Economics, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, New York, 1986.
[15] W. Leontief, “The Choice of Technology,” Scientific American, Vol. 252, No. 6, pp. 25-33, 1985. HHHdoi:org/10.1038/scientificamerican0685-37
[16] E. Davar, “Input-Output in Mixed Measurements,” 13th International Conference on Input-Output Techniques, 21-25 August, Macerate, Italy, 2000.
[17] R. Dorfman, “Samuelson, P. and R. Solow: Linear Pro- gramming and Economic Analysis,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1958.
[18] W. Leontief, “Input-Output Economics,” Oxford UP, New York, 1966.
[19] E. Davar, “Input-Output and General Equilibrium,” Eco- nomic Systems Research, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 331-343, 1989.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.