Electromagnetic Wave Propagation into Fresh Water
Shan Jiang, Stavros Georgakopoulos
DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2011.37042   PDF    HTML     20,428 Downloads   38,471 Views   Citations


Wireless communications from air to fresh water are studied here. Our analysis relies on plane wave propagation mod-els. Specifically, the transmission loss and propagation loss of RF waves penetrating into fresh water are calculated for various propagation depths. Even though RF wireless communications are not well suited for seawater due to its high attenuation, our paper illustrates that RF communications from air to fresh water are possible. Finally, this work de-rives the optimum frequencies, which provide minimum attenuation and maximum propagation depth, for RF commu-nications from air to fresh water.

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S. Jiang and S. Georgakopoulos, "Electromagnetic Wave Propagation into Fresh Water," Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, Vol. 3 No. 7, 2011, pp. 261-266. doi: 10.4236/jemaa.2011.37042.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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