Impact of Climate Variability on Yield of Spring Wheat in North Dakota


Agricultural production is highly dependent on the climatic variability of the specific regions. Differential climatic and soil conditions bring about changes in yield, quality of crops thus affecting the economy. This study evaluated the impact of variability in different climatic factors keeping the other factors constant on spring wheat production in North Dakota from 2007 to 2011. The spring wheat yield mainly depends on the climatic changes during growing periods April to September. Average maximum air temperature was significantly different from April to September except June from 2007 to 2011. High average minimum and maximum air temperatures during planting time increase yield and planting area for 2010. In 2011, low mean soil temperature, excess rainfall in April caused low yield of spring wheat. The unmitigated climate variability will result in declines in yields. So, adoption of sustainable agriculture practices helps the farmers to develop the different practices for their farms.

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Bora, G. , Bali, S. and Mistry, P. (2014) Impact of Climate Variability on Yield of Spring Wheat in North Dakota. American Journal of Climate Change, 3, 366-377. doi: 10.4236/ajcc.2014.34032.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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