Study of Halophytes Dispersion in the North-West Region of Algeria


To know the mode of distribution of halophytes species in the western region of Algeria, it was considered useful to undertake a study based on the achievement of identified linear. Two areas were considered, Northern Tlemcen (Beni Saf and Rachgoun) and Northwest Oran (Sabkha). The trend of climate aridity which is more pronounced in the study area may have influences on floristic halophytes. The study of the floristic composition showed the importance of indicator halophitisation species such as Atriplex halimus, Tamarix gallica, Salicornia fruticosa, Arthrocnemum glaucum and was accompanied by various therophytes such as Sinapis arvensis, Erodium moschatum, Malva sylvestris and Plantago lagopus. ANOVA (analysis of variance) has highlighted the factors that influence the spatial distribution of some halophytes species at five stations studied; some are dispersed aggregates (Tamarix gallica, Suaeda fruticosa) with a coefficient of variation (Cv) greater than 10%; others are regularly dispersed (Atriplex halimus) with a coefficient of variation (Cv) less than 10%.

Share and Cite:

Hassaine, C. , Aboura, R. , Merzouk, A. and Benmansour, D. (2014) Study of Halophytes Dispersion in the North-West Region of Algeria. Open Journal of Ecology, 4, 628-640. doi: 10.4236/oje.2014.410053.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Benabadji, N. and Bouazza, N. (2000) Some Climate Changes Occurred in the South-West of Western Algeria. Journal of Renewable Energies, 3, 117-125.
[2] Gounot, M. (1969) Quantitative Vegetation Survey Methods. Masson Edition, Paris, 314.
[3] Long, G. (1958) Description of a Linear Method for the Study of the Evolution of Vegetation. Newsletter of Geo- graphical Map, 2, 107-127.
[4] Thompson, H.R. (1958) The Statistical Study of Plant Distribution Patterns Using a Grid of Quadrats. Australian Journal of Botany, 6, 322-343.
[5] Warren Wilson, J. (1965) Point Quadrat Analysis of Foliage Distribution for Plants Growing Singly or in Rows. Australian Journal of Botany, 13, 405-409.
[6] Cox, G.C. (1987) Nearest-Neighbour Relationships of Overlapping Circles and the Dispersion Pattern of Desert Shrubs. Journal of Ecology, 75, 193-199.
[7] McDaniel, K.C. (2007) Salt Cedar Information. Department of Animal Range and Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, 44.
[8] Djebaili, S. (1984) Algerian Steppe, Plant Sociology and Ecology. OPU, Algiers, 171.
[9] Franclet, A. and Le Houérou, H.N. (1971) The Atriplex in Tunisia and in North Africa. FAO, Rome, Document No. b0020, 189, 249.
[10] Billard J.P. and Binet, P. (1975) Physio-Ecology of Atriplex of Sandy Environments Coastlines. French Botanical Society, Aix-Marseille University, 439.
[11] Tremblin, G. (2000) Auto Ecological Behaviour of Halopeplis amplexicaulis: Pioneer Plant Sebkhas West Algerian. Drought Journal, 11, 9-16.
[12] Aboura, R. (2011) Contribution to the Study of Atriplex Ales in Western Algeria, Physiognomic and Phytodynamis Aspects. Doctorat Thesis, Plant Ecology, Tlemcen University, 156.
[13] Quezel, P. and Santa, S. (1962) New Flora of the Southern Algeria and Desert Regions. CNRS, Paris, 1170.
[14] Ozenda, P. (1977) Flora of the Sahara. 2éme Edition, CNRS, Paris, 662.
[15] Bouxin, G. (1974) Distribution of Species in the Herbaceous Layer at South Park Akagera National (Rwanda, Central Africa). Oecologia Plants Journal, 9, 315-332.
[16] Pielou, E.C. (1960) A Single Mechanism to Account for Regular, Random and Aggregated Populations. Journal of Ecology, 48, 575-584.
[17] Saporta, G. (2006) Probability and Statistical Data Analysis. Technical Edition.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.