Investigations into Amanita ovoidea (Bull.) Link.: Edible or Poisonous?


It is widely known that the genus Amanita includes various taxa: edible and inedible, dangerous and sometimes even deadly species. Despite the number of studies carried out on this genus, the toxicity of some species, such as the group of white fungi, remains dubious. Hence Amanita ovoidea (Bull.) Link. is considered as edible and even tasty both popularly and in some scientific publications, and as poisonous in others, having caused various cases of poisoning. This study stems from a case of poisoning by A. ovoidea in Siena (Italy). Tests were performed with the aim of finding a scientific answer regarding the real edibility or inedibility of A. ovoidea. Analyses included phytochemical screening, toxicological tests on human ex vivo peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and measurements of soil and mushroom pollution by heavy metals.

Share and Cite:

Biagi, M. , Martelli, L. , Perini, C. , Lella, L. and Miraldi, E. (2014) Investigations into Amanita ovoidea (Bull.) Link.: Edible or Poisonous?. Natural Resources, 5, 225-232. doi: 10.4236/nr.2014.56021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Persson, H. (2012) Mushroooms. Medicine, 40, 135-138.
[2] De Roma, M., Boa, E. and Woodward, S. (2006) Wild-Gathered Fungi for Health and Rural Livelihoods. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 65, 190-197.
[3] Leray, H., Canaud, B., Andary, C., Klouche, K., Béraud, J.J. and Mion, C. (1994) Intoxication par Amanita proxima. Néphrologie, 15, 197-199.
[4] Ducros, J., Labastie, J. and Saingra, S. (1995) Una observation supplementaire d’intoxication par Amanita proxima a l’origine d’insuffisance renale aigue. Nephrologie, 16, 341.
[5] De Haro, L., Jouglard, J., Arditti, J. and David, J.M. (1998) Insuffisance renale aigue lors d’intoxication par Amanita proxima. Nephrologie, 19, 21-24.
[6] Saviuc, P. and Moreau, P.A. (2000) Erythromelalgia and Mushroom Poisoning. Journal of Clinical Toxicology, 39, 403-407.
[7] Bellù, F. (2009) Note di Micotossicologia. Bresandoliana, 1, 83-94.
[8] Marquant, E., Rousset-Rouvière, C., Bosdure, E., de Haro, L., Paut, O., Tsimaratos, M. and Dubu, J.C. (2011) Un cas pédiatrique d’intoxication par Amanita proxima. Archives de Pédiatrie, 18, 1285-1288.
[9] Karlson-Stiber, C. and Persson, H. (2003) Cytotoxic Fungi—An Overview. Toxicon, 42, 339-349.
[10] Saviuc, P. and Danel, V. (2006) New Syndromes in Mushroom Poisoning. Toxicological Reviews, 25, 199-209.
[11] Biagi, M., Manca, D., Barlozzini, B., Miraldi, E. and Giachetti, D. (2013) Optimization of Extraction of Drugs Containing Polyphenols Using Estrattore Naviglio®. Journal of Agricoltural and Food Chemistry, in press.
[12] Guo, J.L., Chen, Y.J., Sun, G.Q., Guo, J.F., Wang, Y.H., Zhu, X.Q. and Nie, Q.S. (2008) Study on Phenol-Sulfuric Acid Method for Determination of Polysaccharide Content in Pleurotus eryngii. Food Science, 29, 555-558.
[13] Morelli, I. (1981) I principi attivi delle piante medicinali. Edizioni Edagricole, Bologna.
[14] Cocchi, L., Vescovi, L., Petrini, L.E. and Petrini, O. (2006) Heavy Metals in Edible Mushrooms in Italy. Food Chemistry, 98, 277-284.
[15] Kaya, E., Yilmaz, I., Sinirlioglu, Z.A., Karahan, S., Bayram, R., Yaykasli, K.O., Colakoglu, S., Saritas, A. and Severoglu, Z. (2013) Amanitin and Phallotoxin Concentration in Amanita phalloides var. alba Mushroom. Toxicon, 76, 225-233.
[16] Dogan, H.H. (2013) Evaluation of Phenolic Compounds, Antioxidant Activities and Fatty Acid Composition of Amanita ovoidea (Bull.) Link. in Turkey. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 31, 87-93.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.