Characterization and Synthesis Mechanism of Nanosilver/PAMPS Composites by Microwave


Nanosilver/Poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonate sodium (AMPS)) composites were synthesized with sliver nitrate solution containing AMPS monomer in situ by microwave radiation without addition of any reducer. The composites were characterized by means of UV-Vis, XRD, FTIR, TEM and XPS respectively. The results show that silver nanoparticles are dispersed highly and homogeneously in PAMPS matrix and possessed face-centered cubic structure. The morphology of nanosilver particles is not affected by microwave treatment and AMPS polymerization. XPS analysis reveals that there is an interaction among silver nanoparticles with nitrogen atoms and carbonyl oxygen atoms from AMPS polymer. Thermoanalysis proves that thermal stability of the PAMPS nanocomposites is decreasing with silver nanoparticles dispersed in the composites. The mechanism of silver ion reduced to nanosilver particles catalysized by PAMPS under microwave is discussed.

Share and Cite:

Xu, G. , Gao, S. , Ji, X. and Zhang, X. (2014) Characterization and Synthesis Mechanism of Nanosilver/PAMPS Composites by Microwave. Soft Nanoscience Letters, 4, 15-23. doi: 10.4236/snl.2014.42003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Chaudhary, V., Thakur, A.K. and Bhowmick, A.K. (2011) Improved Optical and Electrical Response in Metal-Polymer Nanocomposites for Photovoltaic Applications. Journal of Materials Science, 46, 6096-6105.
[2] Gautama, A. and Ramb, S. (2010) Preparation and Thermomechanical Properties of Ag-PVA Nanocomposite Films. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 119, 266-271.
[3] Vodnik, V.V., Bozanic, D.K., Dzunuzovic, E., Vukovic, J. and Nedeljkovic, J.M. (2010) Thermal and Optical Properties of Silver-Poly(methylmethacrylate) Nanocomposites Prepared by in-situ Radical Polymerization. European Polymer Journal, 46, 137-144.
[4] Dallas, P., Niarchos, D., Vrbanic, D., Boukos, N., Pejovnik, S., Trapalis, C. and Petridis, D. (2007) Interfacial Polymerization of Pyrrole and in situ Synthesis of Polypyrrole/Silver Nanocomposites. Polymer, 48, 2007-2013.
[5] Yang, X.M., Li, L., Shang, S.M., Pan, G.L., Yu, X.H. and Yan, G.P. (2010) Facial Synthesis of Polypyrrole/Silver Nanocomposites at the Water Ionic Liquid Interface and Their Electrochemical Properties. Materials Letters, 64, 1918-1920.
[6] Zapata, P.A., Tamayo, L., Páez, M., Cerda, E., Azócar, I. and Rabagliati, F.M. (2011) Nanocomposites Based on Polyethylene and Nanosilver Particles Produced by Metallocenic “in situ’’ Polymerization: Synthesis, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Behavior. European Polymer Journal, 47, 1541-1549.
[7] Zahoor, A., Qiu, T., Zhang, J.R. and Li, X.Y. (2009) Synthesis and Characterization of Ag@Polycarbazole Nanoparticles and Their Novel Optical Behavior. Journal of Materials Science, 44, 6054-6059.
[8] Kamrupi, I.R., Phukonb, P., Konwerb, B.K. and Dolui, S.K. (2011) Synthesis of Silver-Polystyrene Nanocomposite Particles Using Water in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Medium and Its Antimicrobial Activity. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 55, 1089-1094.
[9] Dallas, P., Sharma, V.K. and Zboril, R. (2011) Silver Polymeric Nanocomposites as Advanced Antimicrobial Agents: Classification, Synthetic Paths, Applications, and Perspectives. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 166, 119-135.
[10] Cao, X.L., Cheng, C., Ma, Y.L. and Zhao, C.S. (2010) Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles with Antimicrobial Activities and the Researches of Their Biocompatibilities. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 21, 2861-2868.
[11] Bang, J.H. and Suslick, K.S. (2010) Applications of Ultrasound to the Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials. Advanced Materials, 22, 1039-1059.
[12] Spadaro, D., Barletta, E., Barrec, F., Curro, G. and Neri, F. (2010) Synthesis of PMA Stabilized Silver Nanoparticles by Chemical Reduction Process under a Two-Step UV Irradiation. Applied Surface, Science, 256, 3812-3816.
[13] Song, X.F., Lei, J., Li, Z.Y., Li, S.Y. and Wang, C. (2008) Synthesis of Polyacrylonitrile/Ag Core-Shell Nanowire by an Improved Electroless Plating Method. Materials Letters, 862, 2681-2684.
[14] Anandhakumar, S. and Raichur, A.M. (2011) A Facile Route to Synthesize Silver Nanoparticles in Polyelectrolyte Capsules. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 84, 379-383.
[15] Li, S.-M., Jia, N., Ma, M.-G., Zhang, Z., Liu, Q.-H. and Sun, R.-C. (2011) Cellulose-Silver Nanocomposites: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis, Characterization, Their Thermal Stability, and Antimicrobial Property. Carbohydrate Polymers, 86, 441-447.
[16] Angshuman, P., Sunil, S. and Surekha, D. (2009) Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Ethanol as a Reducing Agent. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 114, 530-532.
[17] Yao, B.H., Xu, G.C., Zhang, H.Y. and Han, X. (2010) Synthesis of Nanosilver with Polyvinglpyrrolidone (PVP) by Microwave Method. Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 26, 1629-1632.
[18] Xu, G.C., Shi, J.J., Li, D.J. and Xing, H.L. (2009) On Interaction between Nano-Ag and P(AMPS-co-MMA) Copolymer Synthesized by Ultrasonic. Journal of Polymer Research, 16, 295-299.
[19] Hiramatsu, H. and Osterloh, F.E. (2004) A Simple Large-Scale Synthesis of Nearly Monodisperse Gold and Silver Nanoparticles with Adjustable Sizes and with Exchangeable Surfactants. Chemistry of Materials, 16, 2509-2511.
[20] Kim, D.H. and Jo, W.H. (2000) Studies on Polymer-Metal Interfaces. 2. Competitive Adsorption between Oxygen-and Nitrogen-Containing Functionality in Model Copolymers onto Metal Surfaces. Macromolecules, 33, 3050-3058.
[21] Lee, K.H., Rah, S.C. and Kim, S.G. (2008) Formation of Monodisperse Silver Nanoparticles in Poly(vinylpyrrollidone) Matrix Using Spray Pyrolysis. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 45, 187-193.
[22] Shi, H.B., Shao, C.L. and Yu, Z.L. (2001) Mechanism of the Reaction between Low Energy N+ and CH3COCH3 with D2O as Solvent. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 17, 986-990.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.