Hydrological Study of Watersheds Arid and Semi-Arid South-Eastern Algeria (Chott Melghir, Chott El Hodna and Highlands Constantine)


The objective of the study is to establish the hydrological characteristics, the hydrological behavior of river basins in arid and semi-arid south-eastern Algeria (establish of methodologies and necessary working tools for planning the development and management of water resources). The study on floods in Algeria is established by the National Agency of Water Resources (ANRH shows that the country is confronted with the phenomenon of very destructive floods and floods especially in arid and semi-arid regions). Flooding of rivers in these areas is less known. They are characterized by their sudden duration (rain showers, thunderstorm). The duration of the flood is in the order of minutes to hours. The human and material damages caused by these floods are still high. The study area encompasses three watersheds in semi-arid, arid south and Algeria. There are pools of Chott-Melghir (68,751 km2), highland Constantine-07 (9578 km2) and El Hodna-05 basin (25,843 km2). The total area of this zone is about 104,500km2. Studies of protection against floods and design studies of hydraulic structures (spillway, storm basin, etc.) require the raw data which are often unknown in several places particularly at ungauged wadis of these areas.

Share and Cite:

F. Belagoune and D. Boutoutaou, "Hydrological Study of Watersheds Arid and Semi-Arid South-Eastern Algeria (Chott Melghir, Chott El Hodna and Highlands Constantine)," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1483-1490. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2013.410145.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] D. Boutoutaou, F. Belagoune and H. Zeggane, “Flood Study Watersheds in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions of Algeria,” Annals of Science and Technology, University of Ouargla, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2011, pp. 46-53.
[2] S. Lahlah, “Introduction to the Study of Floods,” Hydrological Studies Day, ANRH, Algeria, 23-24 December 1997.
[3] D. Boutoutaou and A. Smati, “Method of Calculation of Flood Flows in Algeria Septentrional,” National Seminar On-Water Resources and Their Uses, Khemis Miliana, 6-7 Mai 2006
[4] M. Niggli, D. Talamba, B. Hingray and A. Musy, “Estimation des Débits de Pointe Pour des Bassins Versants non Jaugés,” 2001.
[5] D. Boutoutaou and V. I. Vitaly, “Method of Calculating Average Maximum Storm Flow Rivers of the Mediterranean,” International Social Academy of Ecological Safety and Nature Management, No. 3, Moscou, 2008.
[6] P. Meylan, A. C. Favre and A. Musy, “Hydrology Frequency, a Predictive Science,” Press Poly and Univ Romandes, Italy, 2005, p. 173.
[7] R. B. Nelsen, “An Introduction to Copulas,” Lecture Notes in Statistics, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1999.
[8] A. Sklar, “Distribution Functions of n Dimensions and Margins,” Publications of the Institute of Statistics at the University of Paris, Paris, 1959, pp. 229-231.
[9] J. Béliveau, “Multivariate Analysis of Frequency Tip of the Volume and the Duration of Flood,” University Laval, 2006.
[10] P. Dubreuil, “Introduction to Hydrologic Analysis,” Masson-Cje, Paris, 1974, p. 216.
[11] D. Boutoutaou, “Mudflows and Disaster in Bab El Oued. National Seminar, Natural Disasters Linked to Climate,” INFR, Oran, 6-7 November 2007.
[12] A. Taibi, “Flood Frequency Study and Study-Sol in Algeria,” ANRH, Algeria, 1997.
[13] H. Benoit, P. Cecile and M. Andre, “Hydrology 2, An Engineering Science,” Press Poly and Univ Romandes, Italy, 2009, p. 601.
[14] P. Garachkov, “Hydrological Calculations,” Hydro-Météo, Leningrad, 1979, pp. 9-10.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.