Silica-Grafted Ionic Liquids as Recyclable Catalysts for the Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrano[c]chromenes and Pyra-no[2,3-c]pyrazoles


Silica-grafted N-propyl-imidazolium hydrogen sulfate ([Sipim]HSO4) is employed as a recyclable heterogeneous ionic liquid catalyst for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrano[c]-chromenes by the reaction of aromatic aldehydes, malononitrile and 4-hydroxycoumarin at 100°C under solvent-free conditions. Also, heterogeneous ionic liquid catalyst was used for the synthesis of pyrano[2,3-c]-pyrazoles by the reaction of aromatic aldehydes, malononitrile and 3-methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone at 110°C under solvent-free conditions. The heterogeneous ionic liquid showed much the same efficiency when used in consecutive reaction runs.

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K. Niknam and A. Piran, "Silica-Grafted Ionic Liquids as Recyclable Catalysts for the Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrano[c]chromenes and Pyra-no[2,3-c]pyrazoles," Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 2A, 2013, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.4236/gsc.2013.32A001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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