Contamination and Ecological Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal in the Sediment of Turag River, Bangladesh: An Index Analysis Approach
Zoynab Banu, Md. Shariful Alam Chowdhury, Md. Delwar Hossain, Ken’ichi Nakagami
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
DMC of Dhaka Water Supply Sector Development Project (DWSSDP), Dhaka Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (DWASA) & World Bank Scholar, Graduate School of Policy Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan.
Gas Transmission Company Ltd. (GTCL), Under the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Government of Bangladesh, Bangladesh.
Graduate School of Policy Science, Ritsumeikan Center for Sustainability Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan.
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.52024   PDF    HTML   XML   12,513 Downloads   23,752 Views   Citations


Encroachment, disposal of untreated domestic and industrial wastewater and dumping of solid wastes have degraded the overall quality of the river Turag, which is located in Dhakathe Capital City of Bangladesh. The present study investigated the extent of pollution of sediments of this river and analyzed the regional variability for the concentrations of Cr, Pb, Zn, Cu and Cdall of concern because of their potential toxicity, using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. As per US EPA sediment quality guideline, metal concentrations ranged between Cd: 0.00 - 0.80, Cr: 32.00 - 75.50, Cu: 46.30 - 60.00, Pb: 28.30 - 36.40, and Zn: 94.60 - 190.10 mg/kg in the Turag river sediments. Cr, Cu, Zn belongs to moderately to highly polluted, Pb and Cd belongs to not polluted for Turag river. The heavy metals contamination in the sediments were also evaluated by applying Index of geo-accumulation (Igeo), contamination factor (Cf), pollution load index (PLI) etc. Toxicity characteristics leaching procedure (TCLP) test (US EPA 1311) for sediment samples have been performed also for metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu and Zn) to determine the readily toxicity level of heavy metals. Sieve analysis of sediment performed in this study to determine the physical characteristic of sediment samples. The metal concentrations are well below the regulated level as per US EPA. This index can be complemented with the contamination index, which allows more site-specific and accurate information on contaminant levels. If the aim of work on contamination evaluation is to assess the overall contamination of a study area, the indices are highly appropriate.

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Z. Banu, M. Chowdhury, M. Hossain and K. Nakagami, "Contamination and Ecological Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal in the Sediment of Turag River, Bangladesh: An Index Analysis Approach," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2013, pp. 239-248. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.52024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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