A Load Balance Clustering Routing Algorism Based on SOM


In order to solve the uneven node load in the tradition clustering routing protocols, a new clustering algorism based on SOM is proposed. Firstly, the network radio model and the energy consumption model are defined. A new algorism using SOM to form the cluster and select the cluster head is defined. In the clustering node remain energy and the Euclidean distance from cluster head to the cluster member are considered. The experiment shows our method has the longer life cycle and less total energy consumption. It is an effective clustering protocol.

Share and Cite:

S. Zhong, G. Wang, X. Leng, X. Wang, L. Xue and Y. Gu, "A Load Balance Clustering Routing Algorism Based on SOM," Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, Vol. 5 No. 11, 2012, pp. 870-872. doi: 10.4236/jsea.2012.511101.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] C. Y. Chong and S. P. Kumar, “Sensor Networks: Evolution, Opportunities, and Challenges,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 91, No. 8, 2003, pp. 1247-1256. doi:10.1109/JPROC.2003.814918
[2] W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan and H. Balak Rishnan, “Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Micro Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Science, Hawaii, 4-7 January 2000, pp. 1247-1256.
[3] W. Heinzelman, “An Application-Specific Protocol Architecture for Wireless Microsensor Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2002, pp. 660-670. doi:10.1109/TWC.2002.804190
[4] O. Youni and S. Fahmy, “HEED: A Hybrid, Energy-Efficient, Distributed Clustering Approach for Ad Hoc Sensor Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2004, pp. 366-379. doi:10.1109/TMC.2004.41
[5] A. Manjeshwar and D. P. Agrawal, “TEEN: A Routing Protocol for Enhanced Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of 15th IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, San Francisco, 23-27 April 2001, pp. 2009-2015.
[6] S. Lindsey and C. S. Raghavendra, “PEGASIS: Power Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems,” Proceedings of the IEEE Aerospace,
[7] T. Kohonen, “Self-Organizing Maps,” 2nd Edtion, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.