Pre-lacteal feeding practices among newborn in urban slums of Lucknow city UP, India


Aim: To study the Practices of Pre-lacteal feeding among Newborns in Urban slums of Lucknow city. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study in Urban slums of Lucknow city, UP. Methods and Material: A cross-sectional study in Urban slums of Lucknow city, UP included 524 women who had a live birth during last one year preceding data collection. A pre-desined and pretested questionnaire was used for data collection. Statistical analysis used: The data was tabulated on Microsoft Excel sheet and analyzed using the software SPSS 10.0 for Windows and Discrete data were analyzed using the chisquare test. Results: Study findings showed that Half (50.6%) of the mothers had given pre-lacteal feedings to their newborn. Out of those who had given pre-lacteal feed, 55.1 percent had given mugli ghutti/griipe water and 49.4 percent had given boiled water as pre-lacteal feed Only mother’s education (p < 0.01), father’s education (p < 0.001) and socioeconomic status (p < 0.05) were statistically associated with the practice of giving prelecteal feeding. Conclusion: It was concluded that maternal knowledge and awareness of correct feeding practices is essential for the normal growth, health and well being of the children. We therefore suggested that the primary focus of various nutrition related national programs in India for children should aim at imparting nutrition and health education to the mothers.

Share and Cite:

Gupta, P. , Srivastava, V. , Kumar, V. and Srivastava, J. (2012) Pre-lacteal feeding practices among newborn in urban slums of Lucknow city UP, India. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2, 510-513. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.24070.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Akra, J. (1989) Infant feeding: The physiological basis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 67, 101-108.
[2] Ghosh, S. and Shah, D. (2004) Nutritional problems in urban slums. Indian Pediatrics, 41, 682-696.
[3] Peters, E., Wehkamp, K.-H., Felberbaum, R.E., Ger, D.K. and Linder, R. (2005) Breastfeeding duration is determined by only a few factors. European Journal of Public Health, 16, 162-167. doi:10.1093/eurpub/cki199
[4] Foo, L.L., Quek, S.J.S., Ng, S.A., Lim, M.T. and Deurenbergyap, M. (2005) Breastfeeding prevalence and practices among Singaporean Chinese, Malay and Indian mothers. Health Promotion International, 20, 229-237. doi:10.1093/heapro/dai002
[5] Federal Ministry of Health (2005) National strategy for child survival in Ethiopia. Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa.
[6] Jones, G., Steketee, R.W., Black, R.E., Bhutta, Z.A. andMorris, S.S. (2003) How many child deaths can we prevent this year? The Lancet, 362, 65-71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13811-1
[7] Singh, D. (2002) A study of the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding care of the neonate in rural community. Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi.
[8] Kishore, S. and Garg, B.S. (1999) Practice of prelacteal feeding in rural community. Indian Journal of Public Health, 43, 144-147.
[9] Kalra, K. and Dayal, R.S. (1982) Breast-feeding practices in different residential economic and education groups. Indian Pediatrics, 19, 5-11.
[10] Satapathy, R.K., Saranji, K.S. and Das, D.K.A. (1984) Community Survey on Infant Feeding Practices in Behrampur South Orissa. Indian Pediatrics, 21, 207-213.
[11] Singh, D., Varughese, P.V. and Singh, S. (1992) Outcome of hospitalized out-born pre-term babies. Indian Journal of Maternal & Child Health, 3, 104-107.
[12] Kumar, S. and Nath, I.M. (1989) Breast feeding practices in resettlement colony and its implication for promotional activities. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 56, 239-241. doi:10.1007/BF02726617

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.