Impact of Water Resources Protection on Local Ground Water Market
Baskaran Anuradha, Neelakanda Kannaperumal Ambujam
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.28083   PDF    HTML     4,462 Downloads   8,561 Views   Citations


Tanks are important means to conserve water resources in semi-arid areas. Tank irrigation in general, and in Tamil Nadu in particular, has a long history, and it can be traced to prehistoric times. Poor management of the integrated tank system including its structures and distribution system is one of the major reasons for decline of tank irrigated area. Rehabilitating tanks enhanced groundwater recharge leads to increased water table in the wells located in the command area. Hence well owning farmers can able to cultivate three times paddy crop in a year with the available ground water. Also they can provide water for adjacent non-well owning farmers for their second crop (during maturity stage) and third crop (whole season) cultivation by charging either cash or kind. This local ground water market helps villagers to cultivate more area and season, leads to efficient water use and increased income generation for the villagers. To prove the above statement a study was carried out in rural village of South India with an interview schedule and the data were analysed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science). The result shows that the tank rehabilitation is highly correlated with local ground water market in post rehabilitation period.

Share and Cite:

Anuradha, B. and Ambujam, N. (2010) Impact of Water Resources Protection on Local Ground Water Market. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2, 727-730. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.28083.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] G. S. Prasad, “Public Resources and Private Appropria-tion,” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 37, January 2004, pp. 8-29.
[2] T. Shah, “Water Markets and Irrigation Development in India,” Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 46, No. 3, 1991, pp. 335-348.
[3] T. Shah and K. V. Raju, “Rajasthan minor irrigation tank rehabilitation project,” Socio Ecological and Organisational Assessment for Swedish International Development Agency, New Delhi, 1991.
[4] N. Pant, “Trends in Groundwater Irrigation in Eastern and Western Utter Pradesh,” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 39, July 2004, pp. 3463-3468.
[5] N. Pant, “Control of and Access to Groundwater in Uttar Pradesh,” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 40, No. 26, June 2005, pp. 2672-2679.
[6] N. K. Dubash, “Ecologically and Socially Embedded Ex-change—Gujarat Model of Water Markets,” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 35, No. 16, April 2000, pp. 1376-1385.
[7] T. Shah and V. Ballabh, “Water Markets in North Bihar- Six Village Studies in Muzaffarpur District,” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 32, No. 52, December 1997, pp. A183-A190.
[8] T. Shah, “Groundwater Markets and Irrigation Develop-ment,” Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1993.
[9] T. Shah, “Transforming Groundwater Markets in the Powerful Instruments of Small Farmer Development: Lessons from the Punjab, Uttar Pradesh And Gujarat,” Overseas Development Institute (ODI), 11d, 1985.
[10] M. D. Kumar, L. Singar and P. Rath, “Value of Ground-water-Case Studies in Banaskantha,” Economic and Po-litical Weekly, Vol. 39, No. 3, July 2004, pp. 3498-3503.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.