Effects of geomagnetic disturbances on humans functional state in space flight


Investigations of the effect of geomagnetic activity influence on the heart rhythm regulation of cosmonauts during the expeditions onboard the Soyuz spacecraft, and the MIR orbital space stations was carried out for various durations of flight in weightlessness and, under control of groups of cosmonauts who were inspected under flight conditions outside the geomagnetic disturbances and in ground preflight conditions, during disturbances and without them. The four series of analytical researches in which the data about changes of characteristics of heart rate variability are demonstrated for the first time the presence of specific effect of geomagnetic disturbances on the system of vegetative regulation of blood circulation of cosmonauts during the flight. The response of cosmonauts’ heart rhythm on the magnetic storm is depending on the initial functional background and, in particular, on the state of mechanisms of vegetative regulation (the duration of flight and adaptation to it).

Share and Cite:

Breus, T. , Baevskii, R. and Chernikova, A. (2012) Effects of geomagnetic disturbances on humans functional state in space flight. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 5, 341-355. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2012.56044.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Breus, T.K., Halberg, F. and Cornelissen, G. (1995a) Biological effects of solar activity. Biofizika, 40, 737.
[2] Breus, Т., Cornelissen, G., Halberg, F. and Levitin, A.E. (1995b) Temporal associations of life with solar and geophysical activity. Annales Geophysicae, 13, 1211-1222,. doi:10.1007/s00585-995-1211-8
[3] Halberg, F., Cornélissen, G., Regal, P., et al. (2004) Chronoastrobiology: Proposal, nine conferences, heliogeomagnetics, transyears, near-weeks, near-decades, phylogenetic and ontogenetic memories. Biomed Pharmacother, 58, 150-187. doi:10.1016/S0753-3322(04)80025-8
[4] Gammaitoni, L., et al. (1998) Stochastic resonance. Reviews of Modern Physics, 70, 223-282.
[5] Binhi, V.N. and Chernavskii, D.S. (2005) Stochastic dynamics of magnetosomes in cytoskeleton. Europhysics letters, 70, 850-856.
[6] Сornelissen, G., Halberg, F., Breus, et al. (1998) The possible origin of the biological week’ inferred from the human heart rate variations over the solar activity cycle. Biophysics, 43, 666-669.
[7] Cornelissen, G., Halberg, F., Breus, T.K., Syutkina, E.V., Baevskii, R.M., Weydahl, A., Watanabe, Y., Otsuka, K., Siegelova, J., Fiser, B. and Bakken, E.E. (2002) Non-photic solar associations of heart rate variability and myocardial infarction. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 64, 707-728.
[8] Kleimenova, N.G., et al. (2007) Pc1 geomagnetic pulsations as a potential hazard of myocardial infarction. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 69, 1759-1764.
[9] Cherry, N. (2002) Schumann resonances, a plausible biophysical mechanism for the human health effects of Solar/Geomagnetic Activity. Natural Hazards, 26, 279-331. doi:10.1023/A:1015637127504
[10] Mitsutake, G., Otsuka, K., Hayakawa, M., Sekiguchi, M., Corndlissen, G. and Halberg, F. (2005) Does Schumann resonance affect our blood pressure? Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 59, 10-14.
[11] Halberg, F., Breus, T.K., Cornelissen, G., Bingham, C., Hillman, D.C., Rigatuso, J., Delmore, P. and Bakken, E. (1991) International womb-to-tomb chronome initiative group: Chronobiology in space. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
[12] Breus, T.K., Baevskii, R.M., Chibisov, S.M., et al. (1998) Impact of geomagnetic activity factors on human organism under extreme conditions and comparison with data of laboratory observations. Biofizka, 43, 811.
[13] Breus, T.K., Ozheredov, V.A., Syutkina, E.V. and Rogoza, A.N. (2007) Some aspects of the biological effects of space weather. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 69, 211.
[14] Villoresi, G., Breus, T.K., Iucci, N., Dorman, L.I. and Rapoport, S.I. (1994) The influence of geophysical and social effects on the incidences of clinically important pathologies (Moscow 1979-1981). Physica Medica, 10, 79-91.
[15] Syutkina, E.V., Cornelissen, G., Grigoriev, A.E., Mitish, M.D., Turti, T., Yatsyk, G.V., Pimenov, K., Breus, T.K., Studenikin, M.Y., Siegelova, J., Fiser, B., Dusek, J., Johnson, D. and Halberg, F. (1997) Neonatal intensive care may consider associations of cardiovascular rhythms with local magnetic disturbance. Scripta Medica, 70, 217-226.
[16] Chibisov, S.M., Breus, T.K., Levitin, A.E. and Drogova, G.M. (1995) Biological effects of a global magnetic storm. Biofizika, 40, 959-968.
[17] Gurfinkel, Y.I., Lyubimov, V.V., Oraevskii, V.N, et al. (1995) Influence of geomagnetic disturbances on capillary blood flow of patients with ischemic cardiac disease. Biofizika, 40, 800.
[18] Rapoport, S.I., Bolshakova, T.D., Malinovskya, N.K. and Breus, T.K. (1995) Magnetic storms as stress factor. Biofizika, 43, 844-848.
[19] Kirschvink, J.L., Jones, D.S. and MacFadden, B.J. (1985) Magnetite biomineralization and magnetoreception in organisms. Plenum, New York, 1985.
[20] Oransky, I.E. and Tzarfis, P.G. (1989) Biorhythmology and chronotherapy. High School, Moscow, 159.
[21] Otsuka, K., Yamanaka, T., Cornelissen, G., Breus, T., Chibisov, S.M., Baevsky, R., Halberg, F., Siegelova, J. and Fiser, B. (2000) Altered chronome of heart rate variability during span of high magnetic activity. Scripta Medica (Brno). 73, 111-116.
[22] Parin, V.V., Baevsky, R.M. and Gazenko, O.G. (1965) Heart and circulation under space conditions. Cor et Vasa, 7, 165-184.
[23] Grigoriev, A.I. and Egorov, A.D. (1991) Advances in space biology and medicine bonting. JAI Press Inc., London.
[24] Baevsky, R.M., Nikulina, G.A. and Tazetdinov, I.G. (1984) Mathematical analysis of cardiac rhythm for estimation of specific features of organism adaptation to the space flight conditions. Vestnik AMN SSSR, 4, 62.
[25] Gazenko, O.G., Baevsky, R.M. and Yegorov, A.D. (1988) Space exploration and preventive medicine. 39 Congress of the IAF-Bangalor, Bangalore, 8-15 October 1988, 6.
[26] Van Ravenswaaij-Arts, C.M. and Kollee, A.A., Hopman, j.C.W., et al. (1993) Heart rate variability. Annals of Internal Medicine, 1184, 436-447.
[27] (1996) European Cardiology Society and North American Society on Electrophysiology. Circulation, 93, 1043-1065.
[28] Baevsky, R.M., Ivanov, G.G., Chireikin, L.V., at al. (2001) Analysis of heart rate variability using various electro—cardio-graphical systems. Vestnik of Arythmology, 24, 69-85.
[29] Muzalevskaya, N.I. (1973) The characteristic of indignant geomagnetic field as irritant. Problems of Space Biology, 123-142.
[30] Plehanov, G.F. (1978) Destabilization of unbalanced processes as basis of general mechanism of biological effect of magnetic fields.
[31] Presman, A.S. (1979) Electromagnetic signalisation in living nature. Soviet Radio, Moscow.
[32] Breus, T.K., Baevskii, R.M., Funtova, I.I., Nikulina, G.A., Alexeev, E.V. and Chernikova, A.G. (2008) Effect of geomagnetic field disturbances on the adaptive stress reaction of cosmonauts. Cosmic Research, 46, 367-372. doi:10.1134/S0010952508040138
[33] Baevsky, R.M. and Berseneva, A.P. (2008) Introduction to prenosological diagnostic. SLOVO, Moscow.
[34] Grigoriev, A.I. and Baevsky, R.M. (2007) Health concept and space medicine. SLOVO, Moscow.
[35] Baevsky, R.M., Nikulina, G.A., Funtova, I.I. and Chernikova, A.G. (2001) Vegetative regulation of blood circulation. Orbital Station MIR, 2, 36-68.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.