Factors Influencing Worker Motivation in a Private African University: Lessons for Leadership


Maintaining high performing employees and keeping them in line with organizational goals have been identified as major challenges facing employers and managers of organizations. An important factor influencing worker commitment and productivity is motivation. This study was carried out to assess factors influencing motivation of workers in the Catholic University College of Ghana, Fiapre, and to draw lessons for administrators and staff in agrarian communities. Structured and semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 80 respondents selected from a staff population of 116. The study discovered that love for the job, career development prospects, good salary and healthy relations were largely responsible for the motivation of workers. The study also revealed that there are certain hidden incentives in the district which served as motivation to the workers; notable among them are low cost of foodstuff, cheaper transportation and housing. The study recommends that leaders should help create more factors which will attract workers to go to agrarian communities, rather than scrambling for places in the overcrowded cities of Ghana.

Share and Cite:

Afful-Broni, A. & Nanyele, S. (2012). Factors Influencing Worker Motivation in a Private African University: Lessons for Leadership. Creative Education, 3, 315-321. doi: 10.4236/ce.2012.33050.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Afful-Broni, A. (2004). Theory and practice of educational leadership in Ghana. Accra: TYPE Press.
[2] Alderfer, C. (1972). Existence, relatedness and growth: Human needs in organizational settings. New York: Free Press.
[3] Armstrong, M (2001). A handbook of human resources management practices (8th ed.). London: Book Power/ELST.
[4] Cohen, M., & Marrison, J. (2003). Designing a qualitative study. Newsbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
[5] Cole, G. A. (1996). Management theory and practice (5th ed.). London: Book Power/ELST.
[6] Cole, G. A. (2002). Personnel and human resource management (5th ed.). London: Book Power/ELST.
[7] Creswell, J. W. (2005). Educational research planning conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice.
[8] Dery, S. (2007). Leadership and management within schools in Ghana: Unique challenges compared to Wales. Wales: NEWI.
[9] Doyle, K. O. (1992). Introduction: Money and the behavioural sciences. American Behavioural Scientist, 35, 641-657.
[10] Fillipezak, B. (1994). Can’t buy me love. Training, 33, 29-34.
[11] Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper and Row
[12] Miskell, J. R., & Miskell, V. (1999). Motivation at work. New York: Irwin Inc.
[13] Robbins, S. P., & Laughton, N. (2001). Organizational behavior: Concepts, controversies and application (2nd ed.). Toronto: Prentice Hall.
[14] Sefa, D. A. (2007). Employee motivation and productivity in three organizations in Accra: Peace FM, pipes and plastics and poly products. Cape Coast: University of Cape Coast.
[15] Thaw, D. (2002). Ideas for change: People in organizations. London: Olive Publications.
[16] Valogo, M. K. (2007). Motivation and retention of graduate teachers: A case study of senior secondary schools in Bolgatanga municipality. Cape Coast: University of Cape Coast.
[17] Vice Chancellor’s Annual Report (2009). Fiapre: Catholic University College of Ghana.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.