Experimental and Theoretical Considerations of Electrolyte Conductivity in Glucose Alkaline Fuel Cell
Lea Mor, Zeev Rubin
DOI: 10.4236/cs.2012.31015   PDF    HTML   XML   6,271 Downloads   10,884 Views   Citations


The paper focuses on the conductivity of the fuel cell electrolyte in a membraneless glucose-fueled alkaline fuel cell. The electrolyte conductivity is interpreted using simple physical models, considering either the empirical behavior of the solution’s viscosity, or the consideration of ions and molecules colliding in solutions. The conductivity is expressed as a function of KOH and glucose concentrations. The physical properties of the species (i.e. radii, thermal velocity) and the chemical equilibrium constant of the reaction that glucose undergoes in an alkaline solution can be estimate by comparing the experimental results with the theory.

Share and Cite:

L. Mor and Z. Rubin, "Experimental and Theoretical Considerations of Electrolyte Conductivity in Glucose Alkaline Fuel Cell," Circuits and Systems, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2012, pp. 111-117. doi: 10.4236/cs.2012.31015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. V. Alferov, L. G. Tomashevskaya, O. N. Ponamoreva, V. A. Bogdanovskaya and A. N. Reshetilov, “Biofuel Cell Anode Based on the Gluconobacter Oxydans Bacteria Cells and 2,6-Dichlorophenolindophenol as an Electron Transport Mediator,” Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2006, pp. 403-404. doi:10.1134/S1023193506040185
[2] M. Shibazaki and T. Taniuchi, “Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo,” JP Patent No. 2005166356 A2 20050623, 2005.
[3] X. Xue, J. Tang, N. Sammes and Y. Du, “Dynamic Modelling of Single Tubular SOFC Combining Heat/Mass Transfer and Electrochemical Reaction Effects,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 142, 2005, pp. 211-222. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.11.023
[4] K. Nakafuji and A. Muneuchi, “Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho,” JP Patent No. 2006032275 A 20060202 CAN 144: 174271 AN 2006:97621, 2006.
[5] Z. Rubin and L. Mor, “Electrode Resistance Dependence on Alkaline Glucose Fuel Cell Electrolyte Concentration,” Proceedings of the International conference of Fundamentals and Developments of Fuel Cells, December 2008, Nancy, pp. 115-116.
[6] E. Bubis, L. Mor, N. Sabag, Z. Rubin, U. Vaysban, et al., “Electrical Characterization of a Glucose-Fueled Alkaline Fuel Cell,” Proceedings of the 4th International ASME Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FuelCell2006, Irvine, Vol. 2006, 2006, 8 Pages.
[7] S. P. Moulik and D. P. Khan, “Complexation of Reducing and Nonreducing Carbohydrates with Hydroxides of Some Alkali and Alkaline-Earth Metals,” Carbohydrate Research, Vol. 41, 1975, pp. 93-104. doi:10.1016/S0008-6215(00)87010-X
[8] Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A. J. Shih and S. J. Hu, “A Micro-Scale Model for Predicting Contact Resistance between Bipolar Plate and Gas Diffusion Layer in PEM Fuel Cell,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 163, No. 2, 2007, pp 777-783. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.09.019
[9] P. Costamagna, E. Arato, P. L. Antonucci and V. Antonucci, “Partial Oxidation of CH4 in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Simulation Model of the Electrochemical Reactor and Experimental Validation,” Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 51, No. 11, 1996, pp. 3013-3018. doi:10.1016/0009-2509(96)00190-X
[10] D. B. Genevey, M. R. Spakovsky, M. W. Ellis, D. J. Nelson, B. Olsommer, et al., “Transient Model of Heat, Mass, and Charge Transfer as Well as Electrochemistry in the Cathode Catalyst Layer of a PEMFC,” Proceedings of the ASME Advanced Energy Systems Division, New York, November 2002, pp. 393-406.
[11] K. Y. Chan, et al., “Methods and Apparatus for the Oxidation of Glucose Molecules,” United States Patent No. 20020125146, 2002.
[12] W. Chan, “Fuel Cell Research Laboratory,” Hong Kong University, Hong Kong, 2003. http://chem.hku.hk/%7Efuelcell/demo.htm.
[13] A. J. Bard and L. R. Faulkner, “Electrochemical Methods,” 2nd Edition, John. Wiley & Sons Ltd, New York, 2001.
[14] D. Halliday, R. Resnick and K. Krane, “Physics,” Vol. 2, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2002.
[15] D. R. Lide, “Handbook of Chemistry and Physics,” 83rd Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2002-2003.
[16] F. Raif, “Statistic Physics, The Berkeley Course of Physics,” Vol. 5, McGraw Hill, New York, 1968.
[17] J. P. Hansen and I. R. McDonald, “Theory of Simple Liquids,” 3rd Edition, University of Cambridge, Amsterdam, 2007.
[18] L. Mor, Z. Rubin and P. Schechner, “Measuring Open Circuit Voltage in Glucose Alkaline Fuel Cell Operated as a Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor,” Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2008, Article ID 014503.
[19] T. I. Berlidze and K. L. Magleby, “Probing the Geometry of the Inner Vestibule of BK Channels with Sugars,” Journal of General Physiology, Vol. 126, No. 105, 2005, pp. 105-121. doi:10.1085/jgp.200509286

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.