Dynamic Dipole-Dipole Magnetic Interaction and Damped Nonlinear Oscillations
DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2009.14030   PDF    HTML   XML   6,563 Downloads   11,501 Views   Citations


Static dipole-dipole magnetic interaction is a classic topic discussed in electricity and magnetism text books. Its dynamic version, however, has not been reported in scientific literature. In this article, the author presents a comprehensive analysis of the latter. We consider two identical permanent cylindrical magnets. In a practical setting, we place one of the magnets at the bottom of a vertical glass tube and then drop the second magnet in the tube. For a pair of suitable permanent magnets characterized with their mass and magnetic moment we seek oscillations of the mobile magnet resulting from the unbalanced forces of the anti-parallel magnetic dipole orientation of the pair. To quantify the observed oscillations we form an equation describing the motion of the bouncing magnet. The strength of the magnet-magnet interaction is in proportion to the inverse fourth order separation distance of the magnets. Consequently, the corresponding equation of motion is a highly nonlinear differential equation. We deploy Mathematica and solve the equation numerically resulting in a family of kinematic information. We show our theoretical model with great success matches the measured data.

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H. SARAFIAN, "Dynamic Dipole-Dipole Magnetic Interaction and Damped Nonlinear Oscillations," Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, Vol. 1 No. 4, 2009, pp. 195-204. doi: 10.4236/jemaa.2009.14030.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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