The Cost-Benefit Analysis for Bananas Diversity Production in China Foc. Zones
Linbing Xu, Bingzhi Huang, Yuanli Wu, Yonghong Huang, Tao Dong
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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.24067   PDF   HTML     7,088 Downloads   12,140 Views   Citations

Abstract

Over 50 years ago, banana export plantations in Panama were ruined by Fusarium wilt race 1 (Foc. R1) since the popular cultivar Gros Michel is susceptible to Foc. R1 [1]. Fortunately, the resistant cultivar Cavendish replaced Gros Michel as the world biggest commercial fruit after ten years’ research and development. Due to its good economic profit, banana industry develops very fast recently in China. Unfortunately, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (TR4) brought disaster to Cavendish plantation since 1996. Most of traditional banana planting zones of Guangdong and Hainan provinces were infected by Foc. TR4 to the end of 2009. In order to fight against Foc. TR4, here we tried to investigate the cost-benefit and disease resistance of six banana cultivars (Cavendish Baxijiao, Dajiao, Guangfen No. 1, Fenzha No. 1, Gongjiao, Haigongjiao) planted in China Foc. Zones. Comparisons were conducted on their economic characteristics, cost, benefit, as well as the advantage and disadvantage and their application in rota-tion. Generally, supposing the investment of $ 4400/ha, the banana plantation attains a good economic profit as $ 2200/ha. Rotation of these cultivars can maintain the biodiversity as well as improve the sustainable development of banana industry.

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L. Xu, B. Huang, Y. Wu, Y. Huang and T. Dong, "The Cost-Benefit Analysis for Bananas Diversity Production in China Foc. Zones," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2011, pp. 561-568. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2011.24067.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] A. B. Molina, “Banana Fusarium Wilt Management: To- wards Sustainable Cultivation,” The International Net- work for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, Monterpeller, 1999, pp. 7-8.
[2] FAOSTAT, 2011. http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#an-cor
[3] Peikun Qi, “Status Report of Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease in China, Banana Fusarium Wilt Management: Towards Sustainable Cultivation, The International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, Monterpeller, 1999, pp. 118-120.
[4] Bingzhi Huang, Linbing Xu, et al., “Preliminary Evalution of IMTP-Ⅲ Varities and Local Cultivars against Fusarium Wilt Disease in South China, Advancing Banana and Plantain R & D in Asia and the Pacific―Vol. 13,” The International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, Monterpeller, 2004, 187-191.
[5] Linbing Xu, et al., “Practical Technology for Banana Production,” Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou, 2008, pp. 13-16.
[6] Linbing Xu, et al., “The Atlas of Banana Cultivars and Cultivation Technology,” China Agriculture Press, Beijing, 2008, pp. 35-45.

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