Proximate and Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of Aframomum chrysanthum

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101529   PDF   HTML   XML   897 Downloads   1,602 Views   Citations

Abstract

This work investigates the proximate and quantitative phytochemical composition of Aframomum chrysanthum (AC). The result of proximate analysis showed carbohydrate composition of (65.44% ± 1.7%) to be the highest component, followed by crude protein (13.10% ± 1.2%) and ash with the least value (2.28% ± 0.1%). Quantification of the revealed phytochemical component showed the concentration (μg/ml) of the following in the order: alkaloids > flavonoids > tannins > phenol. The study provided needed information on the nutritional and phytochemical composition of AC.

Share and Cite:

Nwachoko, N. , Essien, E. and Ayalogu, E. (2015) Proximate and Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of Aframomum chrysanthum. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-5. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101529.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Das, K., Tiwari, R.K.S. and Shrivastava, D.K. (2010) Techniques for Evaluation of Medicinal Plant Products as Antimicrobial Agent: Current Methods and Future Trends. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4, 104-111.
[2] Chiejina, N.V. and Ukeh, J.A. (2012) Antimicrobial Properties and Phytochemical Analysis of Methanolic Extracts of Aframomum melegueta and Zingiber officinale on Fungal Diseases of Tomato Fruit. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 2, 10-15.
[3] Okwu, D.E. (2009) Phytochemical, Vitamin and Mineral Content of Two Nigerian Medicinal Plants. International Journal of Molecular Medicine and Advance Science, 1, 375-381.
[4] Tane, P., Tatsimo, S.D., Ayimele, G.A. and Connolly, J.D. (2011) Broactive Metabolites from Atramemum Species, 11th Edition. Symposium Book of Proceedings, 55, 214-223.
[5] Wikipedia, 2012.
[6] Oyagade, J.O., Awotoye, O.O., Adewunmi, J.T. and Thorpe, H.T. (1999) Antimicrobial Activity of Some Nigerian Medicinal Plants, Screening for Antibacterial Activity. Journal of Bioscience Research Communication, 11, 193-197.
[7] Oladunmoye, M.K. and Dada, E.O. (2007) Comparative Studies on the Antimicrobial Activity of Leaf Extracts from Aframomum melegueta. Research Journal of Botany, 2, 95-107.
[8] AOAC (1990) Official Methods of Analysis. 14th Edition, Association of Analytical Chemist, Arlngton, 503-515.
[9] Herbone, J.B. (1973) Phytochemical Methods. Chapman & Hall Ltd., London, 188.
[10] Michael, C.D. and Ahamefula, E.N. (2012) Comparative Study of Proximate, Phytochemical and Mineral Compositions of Edible Plant Fruits/Seeds from Nigerian Rainforest. International Journal of Biolobical and Chemical Sciences, 6(4): 1905-1909.
[11] Doherty, V.F., Olaniran, O.O. and Kanife, U.C. (2010) Antimicrobial Activities of Aframomum melegueta (Alligator Pepper). International Journal of Biology, 2, 126-131.
[12] Ncube, N.S., Afolayan, A.J. and Okoh, A.I. (2008) Assessment Techniques of Antimicrobial Properties of Natural Compounds of Plant Origin: Current Methods and Future Trends. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7, 1797-1806.
[13] Inegbenebor, U., Ebomoyi, M.I., Onyia, K., Amadi, K. and Algbiremolen, A.E. (2009) Effect of Alligator Pepper (Aframomum melegueta) on First Trimester Pregnancy in Sprague Dawley Rats Nigeria. Journal of Physiological Science, 24, 161-164.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.