Review of Family Functioning


This article introduces the theories of family functions, including two kind of theory. The first is result oriented, defining family functioning by specific features of family. The second is process oriented, describing family function from the tasks families need to complete. The authors review Olson annular mode theory and Beavers system theory as representatives of result oriented family function. Then, the authors introduce McMaster family functioning mode theory and Skinner’s Family process model theory as representatives of process oriented family function. At the end of this paper, the authors analyze some possible research directions in the future.

Share and Cite:

Dai, L. and Wang, L. (2015) Review of Family Functioning. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 134-141. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.312014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Walsh, F. (2003) Normal Family Processes. 3rd Edition, Guilford, New York, 514-547.
[2] Beavers, R. and Hampson, R. (2000) The Beavers Systems Model of Family Functioning. The Association for Family Therapy, No. 22, 128-143.
[3] Miller, I.W., Ryan, C.E., et al. (2000) The McMaster Approach to Families: Theory, Assessment, Treatment and Research. Journal of Family Therapy, 22, 168-189.
[4] Skinner, H. and Steinhauer, P. (2000) Family Assessment Measure and Process Model of Family Functioning. Journal of Family Therapy, 22, 190-210.
[5] Epstein, N.B., et al. (1983) The McMaster Family Assessment Device. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 9, 171- 180.
[6] Chou, T.D., Huang, C.H., Lin, H.W., et al. (1991) A Study On the Application of Family APGAR. Chinese Journal of Family Medicine, 2, 73-79.
[7] McFarlane, A.H., Bellissimo, A., et al. (1995) Family Structure, Family Functioning and Adolescent Well-Being: The Transcendent Influence of Parental Style. Journal of Child and Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 847-864.
[8] Andrew, L.S. (1976) Crisis Theory and Family Growth. The Family Coordinator, 7, 291-295.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.