Share This Article:

Mother’s of Children with Cleft Lip and/or Palate, Perception about Aetiology, Social Reaction and Treatment of Cleft

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:220KB) PP. 98-101
DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.310013    2,347 Downloads   2,988 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Religious, cultural beliefs and demographical differences can have a huge impact in shaping people’s reactions and attitudes toward cleft children. Myths and folk beliefs frequently accompany the birth of a child with deformities especially in Africa. Objective: Evaluate cleft mothers with cleft children attending a multidisciplinary cleft clinic at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital about their experiences on aetiology, expectation, family reaction and treatment of cleft lip and palate. Methodology: The study design was a cross-sectional study which involved consecutive mothers of cleft lip and palate children reporting to Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) Cleft clinic by using a structured questionnaire. The study period was from January to June 2013. Results: The highest recorded response (47.50%) from mothers was that their nuclear families had been supportive. The least recorded nuclear family reaction was indifferent to child’s condition (3.70%). 47.50% of mothers reported their extended family members had been supportive whereas the least recorded reaction of extended family members (1.25%) was avoidant behaviour. 52 Mothers (65%) answered that they are not mocked by members of the society whereas 28 (35%) answered they were mocked. Conclusion: The above study demonstrates that mother’s educational background was low. Some mothers still believe CL/P is caused by evil spirit even though they are in the minority. Most mothers were hopeful that their babies will have a normal life after surgery. There was high level of family support for cleft families.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Antwi-Kusi, A. , Addisson, W. , Oti, A. , Amuasi, A. , Sabbah, D. , Bernice, W. and Abu-Sakyi, J. (2015) Mother’s of Children with Cleft Lip and/or Palate, Perception about Aetiology, Social Reaction and Treatment of Cleft. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 3, 98-101. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2015.310013.

References

[1] Adetayo, O., Ford, R. and Martin, M. (2012) Africa Has Unique and Urgent Barriers to Cleft Care: Lessons from Practitioners at the Pan-African Congress on Cleft Lip and Palate. Pan African Medical Journal, 12, 6-8.
[2] Olasoji, H.O., Ugboko, V.I. and Arotiba, G.T. (2007) Cultural and Religious Components in Nigerian Parents’ Perceptions of the Aetiology of Cleft Lip and Palate: Implications for Treatment and Rehabilitation. British Journal of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, 45, 302-305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2006.09.005
[3] Johansson, B. and Ringsberg, K.C. (2004) Parents’ Experiences of Having a Child with Cleft Lip and Palate. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 47, 165-173.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2004.03075.x
[4] Zeytinoglu, S. and Davey, M.P. (2012) It’s A Privilege to Smile: Impact of Cleft Lip Palate on Families. Families, Systems, & Health, 30, 265-277.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0028961
[5] Agbenorku, P., et al. (2011) A Study of Cleft Lip/Palate in a Community in the South East of Ghana. European Journal of Plastic Surgery, 34, 267-272.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00238-010-0513-6
[6] Weatherley-White, R.C.A., Eiserman, W., Beddoe, M. and Vanderberg, R. (2005) Perceptions, Expectations, and Reactions to Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery in Native Populations: A Pilot Study in Rural India. The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 42, 560-564.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1597/04-003.1
[7] Donkor, P., Plange-Rhule, G. and Amponsah, E.K. (2007) A Prospective Survey of Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate in Kumasi. West African Journal of Medicine, 26, 14-16.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/wajm.v26i1.28295
[8] Kesande, T., Muwazi, L.M., Bataringaya, A. and Rwenyonyi, C.M. (2014) Prevalence, Pattern and Perceptions of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate among Children Born in Two Hospitals in Kisoro District, Uganda. BMC Oral Health, 14, 104.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6831-14-104
[9] Mzezewa, S. and Muchemwa, F.C. (2010) Reaction to the Birth of a Child with Cleft Lip or Cleft Palate in Zimbabwe. Tropical Doctor, 40, 138-140.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/td.2010.090329

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.