The Environmental Effects of Tourism Architecture on Island Ecosystem in Cayo Guillermo, Cuba


The objective of this study is to determine the main adverse impacts that may be caused by tourism architecture upon island ecosystems consisting of small islands or islets and to propose an architectural and landscape design with a focus on the environmental sustainability of the same. A study of projects was undertaken in Cayo Guillermo, located to the north of Ciego de Avila in Cuba using methods of life-cycle assessment of buildings, matrix methods of the activities that caused severe environmental impact and statistical processing through multivariate analysis. Conclusions were reached on the need for designs that did not harm the ecosystems of islands with high ecological fragility. It has been determined that suitable construction intervention would decrease the negative impact and would allow the natural resources of these valuable ecosystems that are the basis for responsible sun and sand tourism to be preserved.

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Gutiérrez, L. (2015) The Environmental Effects of Tourism Architecture on Island Ecosystem in Cayo Guillermo, Cuba. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 1057-1065. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.69093.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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