A Constructionalization Approach to Chinese Shang (上) and Xia (下) Spatial Metaphor


Language is subject to change over time. Diachronic construction grammar can provide adequate accounts for phenomena of language change. Constructionalization, as a kind of new approach, compasses and goes beyond both lexicalization and grammaticalization (Traugott, 2014). This paper reviews the main ideas of constructionalization and constructional changes, explores the expressions of Chinese spatial metaphor shang (上) and xia (下), and proposes that the sequence and schema of spatial metaphor is the main motivation of constructionalization of Chinese shang (上) and xia (下).

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Xu, Y. (2015) A Constructionalization Approach to Chinese Shang (上) and Xia (下) Spatial Metaphor. Chinese Studies, 4, 83-88. doi: 10.4236/chnstd.2015.43013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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