Investigating the Effect of Various Nanomaterials on the Wettability of Sandstone Reservoir


Wettability is the ability of a fluid to stick to a solid surface in the presence of other immiscible fluids. Wettability alteration is crucial as it affects the amount of oil recovered from a given reservoir. The majority of enhanced oil recovery mechanisms purposefully alter the wettability of the reservoir rock from oil-wet to water-wet; to increase the amount of oil recovered from it. This study investigates the effect of various nanomaterials on the wettability, and particularly the brine phase contact angle, of a sand stone reservoir. The nanomaterials used are Magnesium/Aluminum Layered Double Hydroxide, Silica/Zirconia, and a combination of 80.0% Magnesium/Aluminum Layered Double Hydroxide (Mg/Al-LDH) and 20.0% Silica/Zirconia (Zi/Zr). The results suggest that a concentration of 4.0 g/L of Magnesium/Aluminum Layered Double Hydroxide (Mg/Al-LDH) decreases the brine phase contact angle, in the presence of oil, from 66° to 60° in 0.033 minute as opposed to Silica/Zirconia which increases the brine phase contact angle to 68° in the same time interval. The combination of both nanoparticles results in a decrease of 1.0° in the brine phase contact angle indicating that Silica/Zirconia (Zi/Zr) lowers the efficiency of Magnesium/Aluminum Layered Double Hydroxide’s adsorption to the sandstone surface.

Share and Cite:

Moustafa, E. , Noah, A. , Beshay, K. , Sultan, L. , Essam, M. and Nouh, O. (2015) Investigating the Effect of Various Nanomaterials on the Wettability of Sandstone Reservoir. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3, 116-126. doi: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Engler, T.W. (2010) Multiphase Phenomena—Fluid Flow in Porous Media. Chap. 5. 1-55.
[2] Anderson, W.G. (1986) Wettability Literature Survey—Part 1: Rock/Oil/Brine Interactions and the Effects of Core Handling on Wettability. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 38, 1125-1144.
[3] Schlumberger (2014) Oilfield Glossary.
[4] Chengara, A., Nikolov, A.D., Wasan, D.T., Trokhymchuk, A. and Henderson, D. (2004) Spreading of Nanofluids Driven by the Structural Disjoining Pressure Gradient. Journal of Colloid and Interface Sciences, 280, 192-201.
[5] Rame-Hart (2014) Contact Angle Goniometers and Tensiometers. Information on Contact Angle.
[6] Yuan, Y.H. and Lee, T.R. (2013) Contact Angle and Wetting Properties.
[7] Pokropivny, V., Lohmus, R., Hussainova, I., Pokropivny, A. and Vlassov, S. (2007) Introduction to Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology. University of Tartu, Ukraine.
[8] Tiwari, J. and Kim, K. (2011) Zero-Dimensional, One-Dimensional, Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Nanostructured Materials for Advanced Electrochemical Energy Devices. Journal of Progress in Materials Science, 57, 724-803.
[9] Rahbar, M., Ayatollahi, S. and Ghatee, M.H. (2010) The Roles of Nano-Scale Intermolecular Forces on the Film Stability during Wettability Alteration Process of the Oil Reservoir Rocks. SPE 132616, Trinidad and Tobago Energy Resources Conference, Spain, 27-30 June 2010.
[10] Wasan, D.T., Nikolov, A. and Kondiparty, K. (2011) The Wetting and Spreading of Nanofluids on Solids: Role of the Structural Disjoining Pressure. Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 16, 344-349.
[11] Paul, M., Holcomb, D. and Ector, D. (2012) Application of Nanofluid Technology to Improve Recovery in Oil and Gas Wells. SPE International Oilfield Nanotechnology Conference, Noordwijk, 12-14 June 2012, SPE 154827.
[12] Nalawade, N., Aware, B., Kadam, V.J. and Hirlekar, R.S. (2009) Layered Double Hyroxides: A Review. Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 68, 267-272.
[13] Wu, Z.G., Zhao, Y.X. and Liu, D.S. (2003) The Synthesis and Characterization of Mesoporous Silica-Zirconia Aerogels. Journal of Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 68, 127-132.
[14] Ogolo, N.A., Olafuyi, O.A. and Onyekonwu, M.O. (2012) Enhanced Oil Recovery Using Nanoparticles. SPE Saudi Arabia Section Technical Symposium and Exhibition, Al-Khobar, 8-11 April 2012, SPE 160847.
[15] Anderson, W. (1986) Wettability Literature Survey—Part 2: Wettability Measurement. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 38, 1246-1262.
[16] Vijapurapu, C.S., Rao, D.N. and Kun, L. (2002) The Effect of Rock Surface Characteristics on Reservoir Wettability. SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, 13-17 April 2002, SPE 75211.
[17] Kwok, D.Y. and Neumann, A.W. (1999) Contact Angle Measurement and Contact Angle Interpretation. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 81, 167-249.
[18] Roustaei, A. and Bagherzadeh, H. (2014) Experimental Investigation of SiO2 Nanoparticles on Enhanced Oil Recovery of Carbonate Reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, 5, 27-33.
[19] Hendraningrat, L., Li, S. and Torsaeter, O. (2013) Effect of Some Parameters Influencing Enhanced Oil Recovery Process Using Silica Nanoparticles: An Experimental Investigation. SPE Reservoir Characterisation and Simulation Conference and Exhibition, Abu Dhabi, 16-18 September 2013, SPE 165955.
[20] Mohammadi, M.S., Moghadasi, J. and Naseri, S. (2014) An Experimental Investigation of Wettability Alteration in Carbonate Reservoir Using γ-Al2O3 Nanoparticles. Iranian Journal of Oil & Gas Science and Technology, 3, 18-26.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.