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Reducing the Rate of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection in the Non-ICU Setting

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DOI: 10.4236/aid.2015.52009    3,993 Downloads   5,019 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: In 2008, the catheter associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) rate at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC) was 3.8/1000 urinary catheter days with some variability between departments. KFMC is the newest tertiary, referral and teaching hospital with 1100 beds in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The Infection Control Department at KFMC decided to implement a quality improvement project by applying the bladder bundle in our general ward (Non-ICU) using the model of National Health Service (NHS) hospitals in England even though there was good evidence supporting this infection control practice only in ICU patients [1][2]. Our objective was to decrease CAUTI in two non-ICU units by at least 50% in one year. Study design: This was a prospective interventional quality improvement project aiming to decrease CAUTI in two non-ICU inpatient units with a total of 193 beds including children and adult patients. Our intervention includes insertion and maintenance components. Results: CAUTI decreased significantly in both departments from 23 infections in 2008 (Rate: 5.03/1000 CDs) to 12 infections in 2009 (Rate: 1.92/1000 CDs) (P = 0.0001); in RH (Rehabilitation hospital) from 18 in 2008 (Rate: 4/1000 CDs) to 11 infections in 2009 (Rate: 0.36/1000 CDs) (P < 0.0001) and in NSI (National Neuroscience Institute) from 5 in 2008 (Rate: 5.42/1000 CDs) to 1 infections in 2009 (Rate: 3.16/1000 CDs) (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Implementation of urinarycatheter insertion and daily care bundles, and creation of a competitive spirit among employees were associated with a significant reduction in catheter associated urinary tract infections.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ghazal, S. , Viorica, S. , Joseph, M. , Mukahal, M. , Hakawi, A. and Edmond, M. (2015) Reducing the Rate of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection in the Non-ICU Setting. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 5, 81-86. doi: 10.4236/aid.2015.52009.

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