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Analysis of Gender and Governance of Value Chain-Based Systems on Rice and Vegetable Crops in Southern Benin and Mali

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DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.36020    3,134 Downloads   3,526 Views   Citations
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Sounkoura Adétonah1*, Ousmane Coulibaly1, Remy Ahoyo1, Eric Sessou1, Urbain Dembélé2, Joel Huat3,4, Gladys Houssou1, Gbelidji Vodouhe1, Julie Loko1

Affiliation(s)

1International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Cotonou, Benin.
2Institute of Rural Economy, ESPGRN/CRRA-Sikasso, Sikasso, Mali.
3Rice Center for Africa, AfricaRice, Cotonou, Benin.
4CIRAD, UPR Hortsys, Montpellier, France.

ABSTRACT

This present study analyses gender and governance in the rice and vegetable-based value chain systems in 3 lowlands of southern Benin and 2 lowlands in Southern Mali. A sample of 243 farmers, 1 modern processing unit, 18 traditional processors, 76 traders and 8 national institutions were interviewed in Benin and Mali. Descriptive statistics and Harvard analytical framework were used for the analysis of governance and gender respectively in the value chains. The majority of farmers have access to the use of land. Women produce up to 80% of basic foods for household consumption and sale. However they don’t have the control of these resources (capital and land). Decision making in relation to resources (land, water labor, credit) is under the control of men and natives. The governance analysis showed that the products of lowlands are not subject to quality control, with no public inspection for health and product quality. There is no input subsidy for actors in both countries. There are informal contracts between actors of the rice based systems in Mali and Benin. The markets are open for all the products and credit systems do exist. Some structures are involved in upstream and downstream chain components for training in various activities.

KEYWORDS

Value Chain, Gender, Governance, Benin, Mali

Cite this paper

Adétonah, S. , Coulibaly, O. , Ahoyo, R. , Sessou, E. , Dembélé, U. , Huat, J. , Houssou, G. , Vodouhe, G. and Loko, J. (2015) Analysis of Gender and Governance of Value Chain-Based Systems on Rice and Vegetable Crops in Southern Benin and Mali. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 134-141. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.36020.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] McCormick, D. and Schmitz, H. (2001) Manual for Value Chain Research on Home Workers in the Garment Industry. Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK.
[2] Bijman, J. and Oorthuisen, J. (2007) Producers Organizations and Chain Development: Facilitating Trajectories of Change in Developing Countries. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen.
[3] Hafkin, N. and Hambly, H. (2002) NTIC: l’importance de la question du genre ICT Update Numéro 8: Genre et NTIC 1 p.
[4] Dembele, U., Sanogo, F., Coulibaly, S. and Diarra, L. (2010) Rapport d’étude sur le genre, l’équité et la gouvernance dans les chaînes de valeurs cibles dans les bas-fonds de Bamadougou et Doumanaba au Mali. Institut d’Economie Rurale, Bamako, Septembre 2010, 43 p.
[5] Kamdem, D.O. and Mivogo, C.C. (2004) Analyse des filières maraîchères à Yaoundé. Ouvrage IRAD.
[6] Agossou, G., Ahouansou, T., Aly, D. and Assogba-Komlan, F. (2001) Study on the Promotion of the Sector of Vegetable Crops in Benin. Main Report, APR, Benin, 102 p.

  
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