Share This Article:

Heavy Metal Contamination Assessment of Groundwater Resources in Behbahan Plain Southwest Zagros

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1201KB) PP. 325-330
DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.55029    2,424 Downloads   2,938 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Ground water is an important issue in environmental engineering and water supply systems, so preservation and purification of ground water have a critical role in any community. This paper investigates the concentration of several elements such as Pb, Cd, As, Se, Co and Zn for ground water in Behbahan (a city in southwest of Iran), to this purpose a group of 30 wells were studied to determine the heavy metal concentration, physical parameters (PH, EC, TDS, Temperature) in situ. The major ions’ values of HCO3-2, SO42-, Cl-, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Kwere measured for the wells based on the titrimetrical and flame photometry and optical emission spectrophotometer. Results of the analyses indicated the concentration of Pb, As, Cd and Se in 33, 13, 56, 100 percent greater than normal range of WHO standard respectively. No pollution of Co and Zn was seen in any specimen. There is a low correlation between Pb and major ions value, so it can be concluded that Pb overconcentration is caused by human contamination. The high correlation between Se, As and major cations and anions, implies that they can originate from dissolution and liquidation of mineral evaporation in the zone. The high rate of Cd concentration in urban sewage water is due to the small industries, workshops and mills wastewater.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Marbooti, Z. , Khavari, R. and Ehya, F. (2015) Heavy Metal Contamination Assessment of Groundwater Resources in Behbahan Plain Southwest Zagros. Open Journal of Geology, 5, 325-330. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2015.55029.

References

[1] Jameel, A. and Sirajudeen, J. (2006) Risk Assessment of Physicochemical Contaminants in Groundwater of Pettavaithalai Area, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 123, 299-312.
[2] Marghade, D., Malpe, D.B. and Zade, A.B. (2011) Geochemical Characterization of Groundwater from Northeastern Part of Nagpur urban, Central India. Environmental Earth Sciences, 62, 1419-1430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-010-0627-y
[3] Singh, C.K., Rina, K., Singh, R.P. and Mukherjee, S. (2013) Geochemical Characterization and Heavy Metal Contamination of Groundwater in Satluj River Basin. Environmental Earth Sciences, 71, 14.
[4] Langmuir, D. (1997) Aqueous Environmental Geochemistry. Prentice-Hall, 600 p.
[5] Tamasi, G. and Cini, R. (2004) Heavy Metals in Drinking Waters from Mount Amiata. Possible Risks from Arsenic for Public Health in the Province of Siena. Science of the Total Environment, 327, 41-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.10.011
[6] Bakan, G., Boke Ozkoc, H., Tulek, S. and Cuce, H. (2010) Integrated Environmental Quality Assessment of Kizilirmak River and Its Coastal Environment. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 10, 453-462.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.