Projected Warming and Occurrence of Meteorological Droughts—Insights from the Coasts of South India

DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2015.42013   PDF   HTML   XML   3,324 Downloads   3,870 Views   Citations


The latest development in the climate change forecast, using regional climate models, made it possible to provide more detailed information on the future changes in the climatic variables in the face of global warming. The PRECIS, UK Met office Hadley Centre’s Regional Climate Model is being used in simulating the future climate corresponding to the IPCC-SRES A1B emission scenario for the period 2040-2070 with reference to the base line year 1970-2000 for coastal region of Thiruvallur, South India. The results indicated a significant increase in the mean maximum temperature, mean minimum temperature and a slight decrease in the precipitation over the study area. The outcomes of the IMD method of Percent Deviation analysis show that the Thiruvallur has witnessed moderate to mild droughts during the period 1970 to 2011. Moderate drought years were mainly 1974, 1980, 1982 and 1999 with -35.78%, -30.09%, -30.54%, -27.30% rainfall deviations respectively. SPI-12 is also employed to analyze the occurrence and severity of drought events in the past. The analysis revealed that the year 1974 with SPI value -2.05 was the extremely severe drought year on record during the period 1970-2011. The years 1982 (-1.7), 1980 (-1.67), 1999 (-1.48) were severe dry years. Pearsons correlation analysis proved that both the outputs have significant positive correlation (0.05 level) with R2 value of 0.992. It is necessary to develop early warning systems and apt drought preparedness strategies to cope with this natural hazard.

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Praveen, D. and Ramachandran, A. (2015) Projected Warming and Occurrence of Meteorological Droughts—Insights from the Coasts of South India. American Journal of Climate Change, 4, 173-179. doi: 10.4236/ajcc.2015.42013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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