Share This Article:

Analysis of Changing Factors on Airborne Allergenic Pollens Distribution in Taiyuan Downtown, North China

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:473KB) PP. 148-155
DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2015.42026    2,767 Downloads   3,160 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

To study and analyse 2 surveys on airborne allergenic pollens distribution in Taiyuan Downtown, North China 30 years apart, the surveys focused on the phenomenon and the influence factors on types, counts, drift patterns, growth and decline rhythm and distribution features of airborne pollen with the same methods in the region in March 1977 to February 1978 and July 2008 to June 2009, respectively. The data of two airborne pollens surveys were treated with statistics, comparation and analysis, and the influence factors of pollen distribution in Taiyuan Downtown were explored. In the 2 surveys, 24 species and 35 species of pollen were collected in the region, respectively. Two pollen drift peaks were formed in spring and autumn in the two surveys. Artemisia L. is still the absolute dominant allergy airborne pollen. The types, counts, drift patterns and composition of pollen in air could be changed by the plants variation. Climate warming might affect pollen peak appearing time and lasting time, climate warming and Poplar & Willow contents changes in spring and autumn reversed the airborne pollen peak. It was found that Humulus L. had become the region’s main allergic pollen. Invasive strong allergen ragweed was spread to the inland city Taiyuan. Allergists should focus on exotic invasive harmful plants in the region.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Zhang, K. , Wang, B. , Zhang, Y. , Zhang, Y. , Cheng, N. , Wang, C. , Zhang, C. , Gao, W. and Chen, G. (2015) Analysis of Changing Factors on Airborne Allergenic Pollens Distribution in Taiyuan Downtown, North China. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 4, 148-155. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2015.42026.

References

[1] Ye, S.T. (1998) Allergology. Science Press, Beijing, 198-206.
[2] He, G.W. (2005) The Mechanism Revealed on Traditional Chinese Medicine to Treat Hay Fever and Adjust Atopic Constitution. China News of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
[3] Han, D.M., Zhang, L., Huang, D., et al. (2007) Self-Reported Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in Eleven Cities in China. Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 42, 378-384.
[4] Li, W.-K. and Wang, C.-S. (1986) Survey of Air-Borne Allergy Pollens in North China: Contamination with Ragweed. Allergy and Asthma Proceedings, 7, 134-143.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854186779047771
[5] Allergy Group of Otolaryngology Department of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical College (1983) Airborne Allergenic Pollen Distribution Investigation. Shanxi Medicine Journal, 12, 272-273.
[6] The Leading Group of China Airborne Allergenic Pollen Survey (1991) Airborne Allergenic Pollen Survey in China. Beijing Publishing House, Beijing, 40-42.
[7] Qiao, B.S. (2002) Allergology Experiment Technique. 2nd Edition, China Union Medical University Press, Beijing, 176-182.
[8] He, H.J., Wang, L.L. and Zhang, H.Y. (2008) Analysis of Airborne Pollens in Beijing Urban Area. Chinese Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, 2, 179-183.
[9] Qiao, B.S. (2005) Color Atlas of Airborne Pollens and Plants in China. Peking Union Medical University Press, Beijing, 1-298.
[10] Hong, Y.P. (2007) A Simple Method of Preparing Thin of Fresh Pollen under Microscope. Bulletin of Biology, 42, 56-57.
[11] Xie, H.X., Ma, L.L., Liu, Z.G., et al. (2006) Correlation between Airborne Pollen Dispersal and Seven Weather Factors. Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation, 10, 56-58.
[12] Cai, H.J., Zhang, K.J., Wang, C.H., et al. (2008) Allergen Skin Test in the Diagnosis of Patients with Allergic Disease Value Research. Journal of Chinese Basic Medicine, 15, 1601-1602.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.