Synthesis and Properties of Novel Non-Ionic Polyurethane Dispersion Based on Hydroxylated Tung Oil and Alicyclic Isocyanates


Hydroxylated Tung oil (HTO) based nonionic polyurethane dispersion (HTO-NPUD) were synthesized using dicyclohexyl methane diisocyanate (HMDI) and HTO as main hydrophobic materials whereas polyethylene glycol-800 (PEG-800) as hydrophilic chain extender. To effectively study the effects of HTO on properties of NPUD, polypropylene glycol-400(PPG-400) based NPUD was prepared by HMDI reacting with PPG-400 and PEG-800. The structures of those novel nonionic polyurethane dispersions were characterized by FTIR and 1H NMR. Moreover, particle size and size distribution, cloud point and surface tension had been investigated. Results showed that, by comparing with PPG based NPUD (PPG-NPUD), the introduction of HTO into NPUD result in larger particle size and more uniformed particle size distribution, higher cloud point and lower surface tension.

Share and Cite:

Yang, X. , Ren, B. , Ren, Z. , Jiang, L. , Liu, W. and Zhu, C. (2015) Synthesis and Properties of Novel Non-Ionic Polyurethane Dispersion Based on Hydroxylated Tung Oil and Alicyclic Isocyanates. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 88-94. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.31013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Lligadas, G., Ronda, J.C., Galià, M. and Cádiz, V. (2006) Novel Silicon-Containing Polyurethanes from Vegetable Oils as Renewable Resources. Synthesis and Properties. Biomacromolecules, 7, 2420-2426.
[2] Guo, Y.S., Ma, X.Y., Wu, Z., Zhang, S.F. and Yang, X.P. (2013) Synthesis and Modified of Nonionic Waterborne Polyurethane for Synthetic Leather. China Leather, 42, 47-57.
[3] Naghash, H.J., Iravani, M. and Akhtarian, R. (2014) Synthesis and Characterization of Monoallyl-End-Capped Diethylene Oxide-Based Polyurethane Surfactant. Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic Metal-Organic and Nano-Metal Chemistry, 44, 927-934.
[4] Ren, Z.Y., Zhang, C.L., Wang, H.F., Zhao, W., Fu, Y. and Zhang, Y.B. (2013) Facile Synthesis and Newly Found Biological Activity of Aminolyzedtung Oil Components with Conjugated Double Bonds. RSC Advances, 3, 17712-17716.
[5] Meiorin, C., Mosiewicki, M.A. and Aranguren, M.I. (2013) Ageing of Thermosets Based on Tung Oil/Styrene/Divi- nylbenzene. Polymer Testing, 32, 249-255.
[6] Silva, V.R., Mosiewicki, M.A. and Yoshida, M.I. (2013) Polyurethane Foams Based on Modified Tung Oil and Reinforced with Rice Husk Ash I: Synthesis and Physical Chemical Characterization. Polymer Testing, 32, 438-445.
[7] Ren, Z.Y., Jiang, L. and Fu, Y. (2012) Preparation Method of Hydroxylation Tung Oil and Aminolysis of It’s Ester Group. CNPatent, No. 101845367A.
[8] Zhang, M.Y., Chen, J.J. and Yang, L.C. (2011) Research on Synthesis and Application of Anti-wrinkle Finishing Agent of Aliphatic Nonionic Waterborne Polyurethane. PU Technology, No. 9, 70-73.
[9] Zheng, J., Luo, J.X. and Zhou, D.W. (2010) Preparation and Properties of Non-ionic Polyurethane Surfactants. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 363, 16-21.
[10] Bellamy, L.J. (1980) The Infrared Spectra of Complex Molecules. 2nd Edition, Chapman and Hall Ltd., London.
[11] Zhang, H.T., Liu, Y.P. and Li, X.J. (2011) Double Latex Particle Size Distribution of Concentrated Inverse Polymer Emulsion and Its Correlation with Stability. Actapolymericasinica, 8, 832-837.
[12] Mosharraf, M. and Nystr?m, C. (1995) The Effect of Particle Size and Shape on the Surface Specific Dissolution Rate of Microsized Practically Insoluble Drugs. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 122, 35-47.
[13] Huibers, P.D.T., Shah, D.O. and Katritzky, A.R. (1997) Predicting Surfactant Cloud Point from Molecular Structure. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 193, 132-136.
[14] Koshy, L., Saiyad, A.H. and Rakshit, A.K. (1996) The Effects of Various Foreign Substances on The Cloud Point of Triton X 100 and Triton X 114 Colloid Polym. Colloid and Polymer Science, 274, 582-587.
[15] Li, J.L., Bai, D.S. and Chen, B.H. (2009) Effects of Additives on the Cloud Points of Selected Nonionic Linear Ethoxylatedalcohol Surfactants. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 346, 237-243.
[16] Mu, J.H., Li, G.Z. and Liu, S.J. (1999) Effect of Additives on the Cloud Point of Nonionic Surfactant. Detergent & Cosmetics, S1, 14-16+35.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.