Crystal Structure of BaxSr1-xTiO3 Fine Powder


Various compositions of the system BaxSr1-xTiO3 (BST) have been elaborated both as fine powders and ceramic monoliths, using the co-precipitation route within a warmed supersaturated solution of oxalic acid. The appropriate stoichiometry was determined from the mixtures of precisely titrated aqueous solutions of cations chlorides (SrCl2, BaCl2, and TiCl4). The reason of this process was to apply low sintering temperature in production of BST samples with ultra-fine powders. These powders primarily calcined at (850°C) for (5 hr) were used to elaborate ceramics after pellets sintering at (1200°C) during (8 hrs). Indeed, XRD patterns were confirmed that the samples are a pure phase and a perovskite cubic structural type at (x = 0, 0.5, 0.6). Whereas, (x = 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1) showed a tetragonal phase. There is agreement between the FTIR and XRD analysis, by the relation of the wave vector (K) and lattice constant. It was deduced a stimulated relation between (x) and (K). The results of TEM, they were clear that the lowest particle sizes investigated of BST powders nearly (36 - 50 nm).

Share and Cite:

Mahmood, N. , Al-Shakarchi, E. , Elouadi, B. and Feaugas, X. (2015) Crystal Structure of BaxSr1-xTiO3 Fine Powder. Journal of Modern Physics, 6, 70-77. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2015.61009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Kao, K. (2004) Dielectric Phenomena in Solids. Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego.
[2] Mantese, J. and Alpay, S. (2005) Graded Ferroelectrics, Transpacitors and Transponent. Ch. 2, Springer, USA.
[3] Muller, K.A. and Kool, T.W., Eds. (2010) Properties of Perovskites and Other Oxides. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., USA.
[4] Hung, K.M., Yang, W.D. and Huang, C. (2003) Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 23, 1901-1910.
[5] Sharma, P.K., Varadan, V.V. and Varadan V.K. (2003) Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 23, 659-666.
[6] Razak, K.A., Asadov, A., Yoo, J., Haemmerle, E. and Gao, W. (2008) Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 449, 19-23.
[7] Brankovic, G., Brankovic, Z., Goes, M.S., Paiva, C.O., Cilense, M., Varela, J.A. and Longo, E. (2005) Materials Science and Engineering: B, 122, 140-144.
[8] Hwu, J., Yu, W., Yang, W., Chen, Y. and Chou, Y. (2005) Materials Research Bulletin, 40, 1662-1679.
[9] Kim, S., Lee, M., Noh, T. and Lee, C. (1996) Journal of Materials Science, 31, 3643-3645.
[10] Mahmood, N.B. and Al-Shakarchi, E.K. (2011) Journal of Modern Physics, 2, 1420-1428.
[11] Khollam, Y.B., Deshpande, S.B., Potdar, H.S., Bhoraskar, S.V., Sainkar, S.R. and Date, S.K. (2005) Materials Characterization, 54, 63-74.
[12] Jhung, S., Lee, J., Yoon, J., Hwang, Y., Hwang, Y., Park, S. and Chang, J. (2004) Materials Letters, 58, 3161-3165.
[13] Simon-Seveyrat, L., Hajjaji, A., Emziane, Y., Guiffard, B. and Guyomar, D. (2007) Ceramics International, 3, 35-40.
[14] Khollam, Y., Bhoraskar, S., Deshpande, S., Potdar, H., Pavaskar, N., Sainkar, S. and Date, S. (2003) Materials Letters, 57, 1871-1879.
[15] Hahn, T. (2005) International Tables for Crystallography. Volume A: Space-Group Symmetry. Springer, New York.
[16] Kao, C.F. and Yang, W.D. (1999) Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 13, 383-397.<383::AID-
[17] Verma, K., Sharma, S., Sharma, D.K., Kumar, R. and Rai, R. (2012) Advanced Materials Letters, 3, 44-49.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.