Modeling and Simulation of Mechanical Properties of Nano Particle Modified Polyamide 6


This paper discusses the utilization of nano-sized fillers in Polyamide 6 to increase the fracture resistance of the composites, which are crucial for various engineering applications. The toughening of the composites is achieved by using dispersed nano-scaled rubber particles (Polyether block copolymer) as the inclusion in Polyamide 6 matrix. For a better understanding of the mechanical behavior of the composites, it is indispensable to use analytical and numerical models for evaluating the overall mechanical behavior and damage mechanism of the composite. In this work the toughening mechanism is studied through literature review and by analytical modeling. The mechanical behavior of the composites such as elastic plastic and damage properties are calculated numerically with 3D representative volume element (RVE) models. The numerical results are compared with previously obtained experiments. The influence of volume fraction and aspect ratio of inclusions on the macroscopic stress strain curve as well as the size effect of inclusions and also the failure properties of the composite are studied in detail.

Share and Cite:

Yi, I. , Wiedmaier, J. and Schmauder, S. (2015) Modeling and Simulation of Mechanical Properties of Nano Particle Modified Polyamide 6. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 80-87. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.31012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Vaidya, U. (2011) Composites for Automotive, Truck and Mass Transit: Materials, Design, Manufacturing. Chapter 2 Polymer Resins, Additives and Sandwich Cores for Automotive, Mass Transit and Heavy Trucks. DEStech Publications, Inc., Lancaster.
[2] Geier, S., Poindl, M. and Eyerer, P. (2010) Toughening of PA 6 by Fine Dispersed Nanosized PA 6-Polyether Block Copolymer Particles. Proceeding of the Polymer Processing Society, 26th Annual Meeting.
[3] Geier, S. (2011) Optimierung von Steifigkeit/Z?higkeits-Eigenschaften Nanoskaliger Polyamid 6-Verbund-Werkstoffe Durch Analyse von Struktur/Eigenschafts-Korrelationen Stuttgart, Univ., Diss.
[4] Bucknall, C.B. (1977) Toughened Plastics. Chapter 7 Mechanisms of Rubber Toughening. Applied Science Publ., Lon-don.
[5] Merz, E.H., Claver, G.C. and Baer, M. (1956) Studies on Heterogeneous Polymeric Systems. Journal of Polymer Science, 22, 325-341.
[6] Bucknall, C.B. and Smith, R.R. (1965) Stress-Whitening in High-Impact Polystyrenes. Polymer, 6, 437-446.
[7] Newman, S. and Strella, S. (1965) Stress-Strain Behavior of Rubber-Reinforced Glassy Polymers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 9, 2297-2310.
[8] Lazzeri, A. and Bucknall, C.B. (1993) Dilatational Bands in Rubber-Toughened Polymers. Journal of Materials Science, 28, 6799-6808.
[9] Fond, C. and Schirrer, R. (1996) A Mechanical Model for the Onset of Damage in Rubber Modified Amorphous Polymers. Journal de Physique IV, 6, C6-375-C6-384.
[10] Grundke, K., Michel, S., Knispel, G. and Grundler, A. (2008) Wettability of Silicone and Polyether Impression Materials: Characterization by Surface Tension and Contact Angle Measurements. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 317, 598-609.
[11] Uhrig, M. (2014) Numerische Simulation der mechanischen Eigenschaften nanopartikel gefüllter Polyamid 6-Composites via RVE Modellierung Stuttgart, Univ., Studienarbeit.
[12] Huang, J., Schmauder, S., Weber, U. and Geier, S. (2011) Micromechanical Modelling of the Elastoplastic Behaviour of Nano-dispersed Elastomer Particle-Modified PA 6. Computational Materials Science, 52, 107-111.
[13] Gitman, I.M. (2006) Representative Volumes and Multi-Scale Modelling of Quasi-Brittle Materials. Delft, Univ., Diss.
[14] Abaqus 6.12: Analysis User’s Manual, Volume II: Analysis Dassault Systèmes, 2013.
[15] Abaqus 6.12: Abaqus/CAE User’s Manual Dassault Systèmes, 2013.
[16] Belytschko, T. and Black, T. (1999) Elastic Crack Growth in Finite Elements with Minimal Remeshing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 45, 601-620.<601::AID-NME598>3.0.CO;2-S
[17] Daux, C., Mo?s, N., Dolbow, J., Sukumar, N. and Belytschko, T. (2000) Arbitrary Branched and Intersecting Cracks with the Extended Finite Element Method. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 48, 1741- 1760,<1741::AID-NME956>3.0.CO;2-L
[18] Karihaloo, B.L. and Xiao, Q.Z. (2003) Modelling of Stationary and Growing Cracks in FE Framework without Remeshing: A State-of-the-Art Review. Computers & Structures, 81, 119-129.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.