An Analysis of Varnish and Impregnation Processes for Combustion Temperature of Scotch Pine


This study was performed to determine the effects of varnishing after impregnation with boron compounds on the combustion properties of Scotch pine. For this purpose, test samples prepared from Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris Lipsky) wood were impregnated according to ASTM-D 1413-99 standard with boric acid (Ba) and borax (Bx) by vacuum technique. After impregnation, surfaces were coated by cellulosic (Cv), synthetic (Sn), polyurathane (Pu), waterborne (Wb), acrylic (Ac) and acid hardening (Ah) varnishes in accordance with ASTM D-3023 standard and then, combustion temperature was determined. According to material and process type, combustion temperature was the highest in Bx and Wb in flame source combustion (FSC), the lowest in Ba and Ac without flame source combustion (WFSC). According to combustion type, impregnation material and varnish type, combustion temperature was the highest in FSC, borax and cellulosic varnish combination and the lowest in WFSC, boric acid and acid hardening varnish combination. In conclusion, impregnation materials decrease while varnishes increase the combustion temperature of Scotch pine wood.

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Atar, M. , Döngel, N. and Çinar, H. (2015) An Analysis of Varnish and Impregnation Processes for Combustion Temperature of Scotch Pine. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 78-85. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.61010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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