Removal of Manganese and Iron from Groundwater in the Presence of Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia


Presence of iron and manganese in water not only affects the organoleptic properties of water, but also can cause a number of problems in drinking water treatments. Their removal in drinking water preparation processes becomes more complicated in the presence of hydrogen sulfide and ammonia in water. There are certain commercialized products at the market that are used for removal of manganese, iron and ammonia, but it is of crucial importance to establish an appropriate order of removal in the technological process during drinking water treatment. Through the various combinations of commercialized filtration media, the removal of iron, manganese, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia, was being examined and on the basis of obtained results their effectiveness was estimated. Research results have shown that hydrogen sulfide is pollutant that causes problems during the adsorption in removing manganes. Ammonia, which is bonded to hydrogen sulphide influences the volume of treated water when it comes to removing the iron and manganese. Decrease in the concentration of hydrogen sulfide at the entrance to Filtersorb FMH for four times, has led to an increase in the volume of treated water in the amount of two times, followed by the breakthrough point of concentration of manganese. For complete usage capacity of commercialized products for the removal of these pollutants, finding their mutual bond in compounds which are present in the water, is of the importance.

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Vidović, M. , Trajković, I. , Rogan, S. , Petrović, V. and Jovanić, S. (2014) Removal of Manganese and Iron from Groundwater in the Presence of Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 6, 1781-1792. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.619159.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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