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Prospects of Using Platelets as Peripheral Marker to Study the Role of GABA in Autism

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DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2014.45049    2,997 Downloads   3,378 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Literature indicated that platelets could be used as a model for neuronal receptors such as γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) and serotonin. Research work exhibited the presence of low levels of GABA and high levels of serotonin concentration in the platelets of autistic children as compare to their healthy counter parts. There are also other evidences pointing out to the significant role of GABA in autism such as association of g-band frequency with the cortical concentration of GABA and gabapentin (GABA analogue) specifically inhibits the cytosolic branched chain amino transferase (BCATc); an enzyme responsible to modulate glutamate availability for the synthesis of GABA.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Khan, S. , Fatima-Shad, K. and Ghouse, H. (2014) Prospects of Using Platelets as Peripheral Marker to Study the Role of GABA in Autism. World Journal of Neuroscience, 4, 437-442. doi: 10.4236/wjns.2014.45049.

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