Impact of Distributed Generation on Smart Grid Transient Stability
Nur Asyik Hidayatullah, Zahir J. Paracha, Akhtar Kalam
DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22012   PDF    HTML     11,787 Downloads   23,117 Views   Citations


In the 21st century Smart Grid and Renewable Energy technologies are an important issue with regards to global climate change problem and energy security. The evolution of current conventional or centralized generation in form of distributed generation and Smart Power Grid (SPG) has great opportunity and potentially can eradicate several issues associated with energy efficiency, energy security and the drawback of aging power system infrastructures. In order to meet the rising electrical power demand and increasing service quality as well as reducing pollution, the existing power grid infrastructure should be developed into Smart Grid (SG) that is flexible for interconnectivity with the distributed generation. However, integrating distributed generation to power system causes several technical issues especially system stability. To make the power grid become “smarter”, particularly in terms of stability, Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) device especially Static VAR Compensator (SVC) is used. This paper explores Smart Grid technologies and distributed generation systems. Furthermore, it discusses the impact of distributed generation on Smart Grid, particularly its system stability after installing distributed generation in the Smart Grid. This was done by examining the system stability during interconnection and faults on the system and validated with Dig-SILENT Power Factory Software V 13.2.

Share and Cite:

N. Hidayatullah, Z. Paracha and A. Kalam, "Impact of Distributed Generation on Smart Grid Transient Stability," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 99-109. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] T. Khoan and M. Vaziri, “Effects of Dispersed Generation (DG) on Distribution Systems,” IEEE in Power Engineering Society General Meeting, Sacramento, 16 June 2005, Vol. 3, pp. 2173-2178.
[2] R. A. Prata, “Impact of Distributed Generation Connection with Distribution Grids—Two Case-Studies,” IEEE in Power Engineering Society General Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Vol. 19, 18-22 June 2006, pp. 8.
[3] C.-I. Chai, W.-J. Lee, P. Fuangfoo, M. Williams and J. R. Liao, “System Impact Study for the Interconnection of Wind Generation and Utility System,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2005, pp. 163-168. doi:10.1109/TIA.2004.841032
[4] F. Bastiao, P. Cruz and R. Fiteiro, “Impact of Distributed Generation on Distribution Networks,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on European Electricity Market, Lisboa, 28-30 May 2008, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1109/EEM.2008.4579049
[5] P. P. Barker and R. W. De Mello, “Determining the Impact of Distributed Generation on Power Systems. I. Radial Distribution Systems,” Proceedings of IEEE Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, Seattle, Vol. 3, 16-20 July 2000, pp. 1645-1656. doi:10.1109/PESS.2000.868775
[6] S. P. Chowdhury, S. Chowdhury, C. F. Ten and P. A. Crossley, “Operation and Control of DG Based Power Island in Smart Grid Environment,” Proceedings of the 20th International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution - Part 1, Prague, 8-11 June 2009, pp. 1-5.
[7] A. A. Kumar, A. R. Massannagari, A. K. Srivastava and N. N. Schulz, “Impact of Biomass Based Distributed Generation on Electrical Grid,” Proceedings of Clean Technology Conference, Boston, 1-5 June 2008, pp. 222-225.
[8] N. A. Hidayatullah, Z. J. Paracha and A. Kalam, “Impacts of Distributed Generation on Smart Grid,” Proceedings of the International Conference of Electrical Energy and Industrial Electronic System, Malaysia, 7-8 December 2009, pp. 218-221.
[9] NIST Special Publication 1108, “NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standard, Realease 1.0,” Office of the National Coordinator for Smart Grid Interoperability, National Institute of Standart and Technology, U.S Department of Commerce, January 2010.
[10] C. W. Potter , A. Archambault and K. Westrick, “Building a Smarter Smart Grid through better Renewable Energy Information,” Proceedings of IEEE/PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition, Seattle, Washington D. C., 15-18 March 2009, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1109/PSCE.2009.4840110
[11] N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugyi, “Understanding FACTS: Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems,” IEEE Press, New York, 2000, pp. 452.
[12] K. R. Padiyar, “Facts Controllers in Power Transmission and Distribution,” New Age International Ltd. Publisher, New Delhi, 2009, pp. 532.
[13] E. H. Watanabe, et al., “Flexible AC Transmission Systems,” Power Electronics Handbook, Elsevier Inc, 2007.
[14] R. M. Marthur and R. K. Varma, “Thyristor-Based FACTS Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems,” IEEE Press and Wiley, New York, 2002, pp. 493.
[15] R. S. Vedam and M. S. Sarma, “Power Quality VAR Compensation in Power Systems,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2009, pp. 268.
[16] Dig-SILENT Power Factory Software 13.2.
[17] National Grid Electricity Transmission plc, “The Grid Code,” Issue 4, Revision 3, London, 2010.
[18] I. Vokony and A. Dan, “Examination of Smart Grids in Island Operation,” IEEE Bucharest Power Tech Conference, Bucharest, 2 June-28 July 2009, pp. 1-7.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.