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Incremental Diversity: A Framework for Rate-Adaptation/Energy-Conservation Enhancement in MIMO Systems

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2014.79039    2,078 Downloads   2,506 Views  

ABSTRACT

In recent years, MIMO technology has emerged as one of the technical breakthroughs in the field of wireless communications. Two famous MIMO techniques have become investigated thoroughly throughout the literature; Spatial Multiplexing, and Space Time Block Coding. On one hand, Spatial Multiplexing offers high data rates. On the other hand, Space Time Block Coding presents transmission fidelity. This imposes a fundamental tradeoff between capacity and reliability. Adaptive MIMO Switching schemes have been proposed to select the MIMO scheme that best fits the channel conditions. However, the switching schemes presented in the literature directly switch between the MIMO endpoints. In this paper, an adaptive MIMO system that incrementally switches from multiplexing towards diversity is proposed. The proposed scheme is referred to as incremental diversity and can be set to operate in two different modes; Rate-Adaptive, and Energy-Conservative Incremental Diversity. Results indicate that the proposed incremental diversity framework achieves transmission reliability offered by MIMO diversity, while maintaining a gradual increase in spectral efficiency (in the Rate-Adaptive mode) or a reduction in required number of received symbols (in the Energy-Conservative mode) with increase in the SNR.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Elshabrawy, T. and Nafie, S. (2014) Incremental Diversity: A Framework for Rate-Adaptation/Energy-Conservation Enhancement in MIMO Systems. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 7, 373-385. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2014.79039.

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