Association between Children’s Appetite Patterns and Maternal Feeding Practices
Tomomi Ainuki, Rie Akamatsu
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.23032   PDF    HTML     6,631 Downloads   12,109 Views   Citations


This study explored associations between children’s appetites and maternal feeding practices. The participants, 614 parents of 3- to 6-year-old children from kindergartens in Tokyo, Japan, completed self-administered questionnaires. The children’s appetites were measured using the Enjoyment of Food (EF) and Food Responsiveness (FR) scales of the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Using cluster analysis, we examined three appetite patterns (“both low,” “high EF and low FR,” and “both high”). The three appetite patterns were associated with children’s obesity index. The “both low” pattern was associated with the highest maternal pressure to eat. The “high EF and low FR” patterns were related to an established snack time. The “both high” pattern was associated with higher maternal instrumental feeding compared with the “high EF and low FR” types. The results of this study will facilitate the development of targeted interventions and better parental guidance on maternal feeding practices and their association with children’s eating behaviours.

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T. Ainuki and R. Akamatsu, "Association between Children’s Appetite Patterns and Maternal Feeding Practices," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 228-234. doi: 10.4236/fns.2011.23032.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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