Effect of Blending Ratio of Fibers on the Properties of Nonwoven Fabrics Based of Alfa Fibers


Natural fibers are nowadays increasingly employed for making nonwoven, replacing the synthetic materials due to economic and environmental considerations. In this setting, we examine the use of Alfa fibers in nonwoven. Extracted Alfa fibers present satisfying mechanical properties that allow them to be used to produce nonwoven textiles materials. Therefore, Alfa fibers are, mainly, blended with cotton, polyester, Tencel and wool. Webs are prepared using cotton or wool cards in regular width. The nonwoven consolidation is made by needle-punching method. The weight, thickness, air permeability, adiathermic capacity and tensile properties are investigated. The results exhibit that the air permeability increases with the increase of Alfa fibers ratio for the nonwoven Alfa blended with short fibers. It decreases in case of Alfa/Wool blend. We can conclude also that the nonwoven Alfa blended with wool fibers have the highest properties values for all the Alfa fibers blends. Data also revealed that the tensile properties are reduced with the increment of Alfa fibers ratio.

Share and Cite:

Ghali, L. , Halimi, M. , Hassen, M. and Sakli, F. (2014) Effect of Blending Ratio of Fibers on the Properties of Nonwoven Fabrics Based of Alfa Fibers. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 4, 116-125. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2014.46014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Yeo, Y.-J. and Jeon, D.-W. (2005) Effects of Chitosan Nonwoven Membrane on Periodontal Healing of Surgically Created One-Wall Intrabony Defects in Beagle Dogs. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 72B, 86-93.
[2] Kumar, R.N., Hee, K.C. and Rozman, H.D. (2005) Photo Fabrication of Biofiber-Based Polymer Matrix Composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 95, 1493-1499.
[3] Chen, Y., Chiparus, O., Sun, L., Negulescu, I., Parikh, D.V. and Calamari, T.A. (2005) Natural Fibers for Automotive Nonwoven Composites. Journal of Industrial Textiles, 35, 47-62.
[4] Meng, J., Song, L. and Meng, J. (2006) Using Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Nonwoven Films as Scaffolds to Enhance Long-Term Cell Proliferation. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 79A, 298-306.
[5] Viala, X. and Andreopoulos, F.M. (2009) Novel Biomaterials for Cartilage Tissue Engineering. Current Rheumatology Reviews, 5, 51-57.
[6] Anandjiwala, R.D. and Boguslavsky, L. (2008) Development of Needle-punched Nonwoven Fabrics from Flax Fibers for Air Filtration Applications. Textile Research Journal, 78, 614-624.
[7] Sakthivel, S., Ezhil Anban, J.J. and Ramachandran, T. (2014) Development of Needle-Punched Nonwoven Fabrics from Reclaimed Fibers for Air Filtration Applications. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 9, 149-154.
[8] Jianyong, F. and Jianchun, Z. (2013) Oil Filtration Performance of a Hemp/Cotton Spunlaced Nonwoven. Textile Research Journal, 83, 2191-2203.
[9] Cincik, E. and Koc, E. (2012) An Analysis on Air Permeability of Polyester/Viscose Blended Needle-Punched Nonwovens. Textile Research Journal, 82, 430-442.
[10] Ammar, I., Ben Cheikh, R., Campos, A.R., Cunha, A.M. and Campos, A.R. (2006) Injection Molded Composites of Short Alfa Fibers and Biodegradable Blends. Polymer Composites, 27, 341-348.
[11] Sami, B.B. and Ben Cheikh, R. (2007) Influence of Fiber Orientation and Volume Fraction on the Tensile Properties of Unidirectional Alfa-Polyester Composite. Composites Science and Technology, 67, 140-147.
[12] Samir, H., Benaboura, A., Pichavant, F.H., Nourmamodeb, A. and Castellan, A. (2002) Adding Value to ALFA Grass (Stipa tenacissima L.) Soda Lignin as Phenolic Resins: Lignin Characterization. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 76, 259-264.
[13] Omri, M.A., Triki, A., Guicha, M., Ben Hassen, M., Arous, M., El Hamzaoui, H.A. and Bulou, A. (2013) Effect of Wool and Thermo-Binder Fibers on Adhesion of Alfa Fibers in Polyester Composite. Journal of Applied Physics, 114, 224105.
[14] Triki, A., Omri, M.A., Guicha, M., Ben Hassen, M., Arous, M. and Kallel, A. (2014) Adhesion Characterization of Alfa Fibres in Unsaturated Polyester Matrix. International Journal of Applied Research on Textile, 2, 18-29.
[15] Paiva, M.C., Ammar, I., Campos, A.R., Cheikh, R.B. and Cunha, A.M. (2007) Alfa Fibers: Mechanical, Morphological and Interfacial Characterization. Composites Science and Technology, 67, 1132-1138.
[16] Russell, S. (2006) Handbooks of Nonwoven. The Textile Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds.
[17] Bel-Berger, P., Von Hoven, T., Ramaswamy, G.N., Kimmel, L. and Boylston, E. (1999) Cotton/Kenaf Fabrics: A Viable Natural Fabric. The Journal of Cotton Science, 3, 60-70.
[18] Chiparus, O.I. (2004) Bagasse Fiber for Production of Nonwoven Materials. Ph.D. Thesis, The School of Human Ecology, Romania.
[19] Berkalp, O.B. (2006) Air Permeability & Porosity in Spun-Laced Fabrics. Fibers & Textiles in Eastern Europe, 14, 81-85.
[20] Mohammadi, M., Banks-Lee, P. and Ghadimi, P. (2002) Air Permeability of Multilayer Needle Punched Nonwoven Fabrics: Experimental Method. Journal of Industrial Textiles, 32, 139-150.
[21] Ramaswamy, G.N., Sellers, T. and Tao, W. (2003) Kenaf Nonwovens as Substrates for Laminations. Industrial Crops and Products, 17, 1-8.
[22] Ghali, L., Zidi, M. and Roudesli, S. (2006) Physical and Mechanical Characterization of Technical Esparto (Alfa) fibers. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6, 2450-2455.
[23] Hearle, J.W.S., Grosberg, P. and Backe, S. (1969) Structural Mechanics of Fibers: Yarns and Fabrics. Wiley and Sons. New York.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.