Share This Article:

Growth, Physiological and Molecular Responses of Cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.) under NaCl Stress

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1245KB) PP. 605-614
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.55075    5,533 Downloads   7,565 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Salinity is one of the most serious growth limiting factor, therefore, no longer being ignored. Although, cotton is fairly salt tolerant; its sensitivity at crop stand and yield is affected. This study is planned to identify the growth, physiological and molecular parameters in local cotton varieties FDH 171 and FDH 786 under NaCl stress. There was 100% seed germination but hypocotyl length was reduced at increasing level of NaCl. Plant height, fresh and dry biomass were reduced as the plants were subjected to increased stress of NaCl. Stomatal conductance, transpiration and photosynthetic rate and ionic imbalance were found to be reduced under the gradual increase in NaCl stress and affected the plant’s overall physiological processes. PCR product of AtNHX3 has been identified in stressed and non-stressed plants. Thus, the genotypes FDH 171 & FDH 786 were found tolerant to adoption of salt stress and could be used as a source in crop improvement.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Hassan, S. , Sarwar, M. , Sadique, S. , Rashid, B. , Aftab, B. , Mohamed, B. and Husnain, T. (2014) Growth, Physiological and Molecular Responses of Cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.) under NaCl Stress. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 605-614. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.55075.

References

[1] Khan, A.H., Singh, A.K., Mubeen, Singh, S., Zaidi, N.W., Singh, U.S. and Haefele, S.M. (2014) Response of Salt-Tolerant Rice Varieties to Biocompost Application in Sodic Soil of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 7-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2014.51002
[2] Foolad, M. (2004) Recent Advances in Genetics of Salt Tolerance in Tomato. Plant Cell, 76, 101-119.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:TICU.0000007308.47608.88
[3] Hasegawa, P., Bressan, R., Zhu, J.-K. and Bohnert, H. (2000) Plant Cellular and Molecular Responses to High Salinity. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 51, 463-499.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.51.1.463
[4] Khan, N. (2003) NaCl-inhibited chlorophyll synthesis and associated changes in ethylene evolution and antioxidative enzyme activities in wheat. Biologia plantarum, 47, 437-440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:BIOP.0000023890.01126.43
[5] Chaves, M., Flexas, J. and Pinheiro, C. (2009) Photosynthesis Under Drought and Salt Stress: Regulation Mechanisms From Whole Plant to Cell. Annals of Botany, 103, 551-560. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcn125
[6] Quesada, V., García-Martínez, S., Piqueras, P., Ponce, M. and Micol, J. () Genetic Architecture of NaCl Tolerance in Arabidopsis. Plant physiology, 130, 951-963
[7] Robinson, M., Very, A. and Sanders, D. (1997) How Can Stomata Contribute to Salt Tolerance? Annals of Botany, 80, 387-393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1996.0435
[8] Mansour, M., Salama, K. and Ali, F. (2005) Cell and Plant Responses to NaCl in Zea mays L. Cultivars Differing in Salt Tolerance. General and Applied Plant Physiology, 35, 29-41.
[9] Ashraf, M. and Harris, P.J.C. (2004) Potential Biochemical Indicators of Salinity Tolerance in Plants. Plant Science, 166, 3-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2003.10.024
[10] Maathuis, F.J.M. and Amtmann, A. (1999) K+ Nutrition and Na+ Toxicity: The Basis of Cellular K+/Na+ Ratios. Annals of Botany, 84, 123-133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1999.0912
[11] Yang, X., Li F., Zhang, X., Liu, K., Wang, Q., Zhang, C., Liu, C., Zhu, W., Shan, G., Chin, C.K. and Fang, W. (2013) Integration and Characterization of T-DNA Insertion in Upland Cotton. Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 49, 51-57.
[12] Shinozaki, K. and Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K. (2007) Gene Networks Involved in Drought Stress Response and Tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 58, 221-227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erl164
[13] Casassola, A., Brammer, S., Soares Chaves, M., Martinelli, J., Grando, M. and Denardin, N. (2013) Gene Expression: A Review on Methods for the Study of Defense-Related Gene Differential Expression in Plants. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 64-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.412A3008
[14] Rashid, B., Husnain, T. and Riazuddin, S. (2004) In Vitro Shoot Tip Culture of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 4, 817-823.
[15] Dadkhah, A.R. (2011) Effect of Salinity on Growth and Leaf Photosynthesis of Two Sugar Beet (Beta Vulgaris) Culti-vars. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 13, 1001-1012.
[16] Shahid, M.A., Pervez, M.A., Balal, R., Ahmad, R., Ayyub, C., Abbas, T. and Akhtar, N. (2011) Salt Stress Effects on Some Morphological and Physiological Characteristics of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.). Soil and Environment, 30, 66-73.
[17] Ryan, P.R., Delhaize, E. and Jones, D.L. (2001) Fuction and Mechanism of Organic Anion Exudation from Plant Roots. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 52, 527-560.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.52.1.527
[18] Qadir, M. and Shams, M. (1997) Some Agronomic and Physiological Aspects of Salt Tolerance in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 179, 101-106.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.1997.tb00504.x
[19] Ashraf, M. and Foolad, M. (2005) Pre Sowing Seed Treatment—A Shotgun Approach to Improve Germination, Plant Growth, and Crop Yield Under Saline and Non Saline Conditions. Advances in Agronomy, 88, 223-271.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(05)88006-X
[20] Cherki, G., Ahmed, F. and Khalid, F. (2002) Effects of Salt Stress on Growth, Inorganic Ions and Proline Accumula-tion to Osmotic Adjustment in Sugar Beet Cultivars. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 47, 39-50.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0098-8472(01)00109-5
[21] Basal, H. (2010) Response of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotypes to salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 505-511.
[22] Suriya-Arunroj, D., Supapoj, N. and Toojinda, T. (2004) Relative Leaf Water Content as an Efficient Method for Evaluating Rice Cultivars for Tolerance to Salt Stress. Science Asia, 30, 411-415.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2004.30.411
[23] Zhang, J. and Davies, W. (1991) Antitranspirant Activity in Maize Plants. Journal of Experimental Botany, 42, 317-321.
[24] Cengiz, K., Tuna, A.L., Muhammad, A. and Hakan, A. (2007) Improved Salt Tolerance of Melon (Cucumis Melo L.) by Addition of Proline and Potassium Nitrate. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 60, 397-403.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2006.12.008
[25] Junior, N., Pereira Nicolau, M., Mantovanini, L. and Zingaretti, S. (2013) Expression Analysis of Two Genes Coding for Trehalose-6-Phosphate Synthase (TPS), in Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) under Water Stress. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 91-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.412A3011
[26] Liu, H., Tang, R., Zhang, Y., Wang, C., Li, W. and Zhang, H. (2010) Atnhx3 is a Vacuolar K+/H+ Antiporter Required for Low-Potassium Tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell and Environment, 33, 1989-1999.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02200.x

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.