Activation of human monocytes/macrophages by OHR/AVR118 promotes both pro- and Anti-Inflammatory phenotypes
Shalom Z. Hirchman
OHR Pharmaceutical, Inc., New York, USA.
DOI: 10.4236/abb.2014.53020   PDF   HTML   XML   4,196 Downloads   6,127 Views  


The immunomodulator OHR/AVR118 has been shown to increase IL-8 and MCP-1 secretion from non-activated human monocytes and U937 pro-monocytic cells, but to decrease MCP-1 secretion from LPS-activated monocytes, suggesting its effect depends on immune cell environment and/or activation state. We therefore assessed the effect of OHR/AVR118 on cytokine secretion by human PBMCs and adherent monocytes. OHR/AVR118 increased IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α secretion byPHA/IL-2-primed PBMCs, but did not alter IL-12 secretion. In contrast, treatment of LPS-activated monocytes decreased TNF-α and IL-12, increased IL-6, but did not alter IL-1β, secretion. To further show that the effect of OHR/AVR118 depends on cellular environment, we monitored U937 differentiation towards mature macrophages in the presence of drug. OHR/AVR118 promoted a pro-inflammatory response in PMA-activated cells, as demonstrated by increased expression of the maturation markers CD86, CD32, and CD87 and by increased IL-8, MCP-1, and GM-CSF secretion. In undifferentiated U937 cells, OHR/AVR118 did not alter phagocytosis of opsonized S. aureus and IL-10 secretion. Whereas, after activation, OHR/AVR118 induced an anti-inflammatory phenotype, as indicated by reduced phagocytosis and increased IL-10 secretion. Overall, these findings suggest that OHR/AVR118 has a dual action on monocyte/macrophage function depending on cellular activation state, resulting in either further activation or suppression.

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Hirchman, S. (2014) Activation of human monocytes/macrophages by OHR/AVR118 promotes both pro- and Anti-Inflammatory phenotypes. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 5, 161-168. doi: 10.4236/abb.2014.53020.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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